Mt. Manaro erupts spectacularly

EVASIVE ACTION: Villagers have been evacuated from the path of a possible mud flow after the volcano began spouting steam and gases

AP , AMBAE ISLAND, VANUATU

Fri, Dec 09, 2005 - Page 5

Vanuatu's erupting Mt. Manaro volcano burst into spectacular life yesterday -- shooting steam and toxic gases 3km into the skies above remote Ambae Island.

Huge columns of dense white steam and muddy ash spewed above the South Pacific island to reach the greatest height seen since it began erupting on Nov. 27.

The plumes of steam and gases were bursting from a huge vent in the middle of muddy gray-brown lake Vui in the crater -- which before the eruptions began last month was a picturesque calm aqua blue.

Pilot Charles Nelson of local charter company Flight Club Vila said the lake "is looking like a huge grubby bowl of hot kava," referring to a murky local drink made of the pounded roots of a local pepper plant mixed with water.

Nelson was speaking after flying close to the erupting volcano yesterday morning.

Skeletal dead trees ring the edge of Manaro's crater, while trees in dense jungle nearby were covered in ash which has been belching from the volcano.

The huge smoke, ash and gas plume cast a shadow over now deserted villages clinging to the volcano's flank.

Villagers have been evacuated from the path of a possible mud flow, that vulcanologists fear could burst over the crater lip if the eruption continues or intensifies, sweeping away the flimsy homes in its path.

Some 5,000 villagers -- half the island's population -- are squatting in townships in low-lying areas of the northwest and southeast corners of the small island and four ships are anchored off its shores ready to evacuate villagers if the eruption worsens.

"Everything is left behind. We brought only clothing, pots and bush knives for cutting fuel," said Markson Mala, a 54-year-old retired teacher who was among 100 people trucked out of their village, Wainasasa, on the northern flank of the volcano last Friday.

He said ash rained down on villagers' gardens, forcing them to wash all their food. Villagers on the island live in huts made of palm fronds and sheets of tin and grow their own vegetables.

"This is the second time we've been given a strong warning [by the volcano] to leave our area," he added.

The volcano last erupted in 1995, but nobody was injured.

Local transport operator Simean Tali said the ships anchored off the island mean "we should get off [the island] if it goes up."

Two hospitals on the island have been emptied of patients, and teams of doctors and nurses are on call to fly to Ambae from the capital, Port Vila, if a major eruption occurs, the National Disaster Management Office said.

"Maybe nothing is going to happen, but it is better to be ready than not," Prime Minister Ham Lini told the Daily Post newspaper this week.

New Zealand vulcanologist Brad Scott, who is on Ambae monitoring the eruption said "it remains a low-level eruption, but it could go either way -- worsen or slowly subside."

``At present it's still in steady state,'' he said.

While Manaro "is capable of bigger eruptions ... we've seen no evidence at this time it's leading towards a bigger eruption," he added.

In a note to local villagers, the vulcanologists said there was "no evidence" the molten magma was swelling or cracking the ground near the lake. There are fears that if the lake bed cracks and water plunges onto the magma it could trigger a massive explosion.