Hungarians yesterday went to the polls in municipal elections seen as a rare chance for the beleaguered opposition to roll back the power of nationalist Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
Opposition parties across the political spectrum have joined forces, potentially denying Orban’s right-wing Fidesz party a landslide win for the first time in almost a decade.
Since Orban came to power in 2010, he has overhauled election rules, making it more difficult for opposition parties to compete individually against Fidesz.
The main battleground is the capital, Budapest, where Gergely Karacsony, 44, was neck-and-neck in polling for the mayor’s post with the Fidesz-backed Budapest Mayor Istvan Tarlos, who like Orban, has been in office since 2010.
Karacsony has compared the Budapest race to the Istanbul mayoral election in March, in which the candidate of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s party was defeated by the opposition challenger.
“Istanbul voted against an aggressive illiberal power in many ways similar to Orban’s regime,” Karacsony told reporters.
After sweeping to power, Orban pushed through swathes of new legislation, including measures that critics at home and abroad said have neutered key democratic institutions, such as the media and the judiciary, in the EU member state.
Critics said some of those reforms helped Fidesz to rout opposition parties at parliamentary, European and local elections, despite about half of the electorate often voting against it.
Now, in many municipalities just one opposition challenger is lining up against Fidesz.
Tight races were also expected in several Fidesz-run cities, such as Miskolc, Pecs and Szombathely, as well as in most of Budapest’s 23 district municipalities.
Hopes of opposition gains increased last week after a sex scandal involving a Fidesz mayor erupted, threatening to erode the party’s support nationwide.
An anonymous blogger posted explicit pictures and videos of the mayor of the western city of Gyor taking part in an orgy on a yacht in Croatia.
Fidesz leaders, who brand the party as a Christian-conservative one promoting family values, have sought to downplay the scandal.
However, analysts said its effect on voters is still unclear.
About 1,000 people late on Saturday demonstrated against Fidesz in Gyor, with opposition politicians from different parties urging the crowd to vote out the mayor.
Observers see the elections as a litmus test for the opposition’s new strategy of cooperation, which could offer a way to challenge Orban in the next general election in 2022.
The opposition was expected to make gains from its 2014 results and possibly win the Budapest mayoralty.
However, it needs to do well in the countryside to stand a chance in 2022, said Andras Biro-Nagy of the Policy Solutions think tank.
“Budapest has symbolic value of course, but it is equally important to win provincial cities and build roots and infrastructure there, that is where 2022 will be won or lost,” he said.
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