Wed, May 15, 2019 - Page 6 News List

Trash found in deepest-ever sub dive

Reuters, NEW YORK

Sea creatures swim around a part of a submersible lander, illuminated by the light of the submarine DSV Limiting Factor, on the floor of the Pacific Ocean’s Mariana Trench in an undated still image from video released by the Discovery Channel on Monday.

Photo: Reuters / Discovery Channel

On the deepest dive ever made by a human inside a submarine, a Texas investor and explorer found something he could have found in the gutter of nearly any street in the world: trash.

Retired naval officer Victor Vescovo said he made the unsettling discovery as he descended nearly 10,928m to a point in the Pacific Ocean’s Mariana Trench that is the deepest place on Earth. His dive went 16m lower than the previous deepest descent in the trench in 1960.

Vescovo found undiscovered species as he visited places no human had gone before. On one occasion he spent four hours on the floor of the trench, viewing sea life ranging from shrimp-like anthropods with long legs and antennae to translucent “sea pigs” similar to a sea cucumber.

He also saw angular metal or plastic objects, one with writing on it.

“It was very disappointing to see obvious human contamination of the deepest point in the ocean,” Vescovo said in an interview.

Plastic waste has reached epidemic proportions in the world’s oceans with an estimated 100 million tonnes dumped there to date, according to the UN.

Scientists have found large amounts of micro plastic in the guts of deep-dwelling ocean mammals like whales.

Vescovo hoped his discovery of trash in the Mariana Trench would raise awareness about dumping in the oceans and pressure governments to better enforce existing regulations, or put new ones in place.

“It’s not a big garbage collection pool, even though it’s treated as such,” Vescovo said of the world’s oceans.

In the past three weeks, the expedition has made four dives in the Mariana Trench in his submarine, DSV Limiting Factor, collecting biological and rock samples.

It was the third time humans have dived to the deepest point in the ocean, known as Challenger Deep. Canadian movie maker James Cameron was the last to visit in 2012 in his submarine, reaching a depth of 10,908m.

Prior to Cameron’s dive, the first-ever expedition to Challenger Deep was made by the US Navy in 1960, reaching a depth of 10,912m.

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