Mon, Dec 03, 2018 - Page 4 News List

How Yemen’s Houthi rebels survive the Saudi onslaught

AFP, DUBAI

A boy wounded by rocket shrapnel sits on a hospital bed in Hodeidah, Yemen, on Friday.

Photo: Reuters

Saudi Arabia and its coalition partners predicted a quick victory when they launched a military intervention in Yemen in 2015 to support the ousted government.

However, more than three-and-a-half years later, the Houthi rebels remain undefeated and the conflict is a quagmire that has set off a major humanitarian crisis. Here is a look at how the outgunned rebels have clung on:

THE HOUTHIS

The Houthis come from the minority Zaidi Shiite sect of Islam and have their traditional stronghold in the mountainous north of Yemen. The movement, which takes its name from late spiritual leader Badreddin al-Houthi and his son Hussein, rose up in the 1990s over alleged sectarian discrimination.

Between 2004 and 2010, the Houthis fought six wars against Yemen’s then-government and they battled Saudi Arabia from 2009 to 2010 after storming over the border. Officially calling themselves the Ansarullah (“supporters of God”), the Houthis took part in the Arab Spring protests that forced veteran Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh from office in 2012.

In the chaos that followed, they later sided with former foe Saleh and together ousted the internationally recognized government of Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi that had taken power.

The rebel takeover of capital Sana’a set off the Saudi-led intervention in March 2015.

The Houthis later fell out dramatically with Saleh and killed the former strongman in December last year.

IRANIAN SUPPORT

The war in Yemen is viewed by many as a front in the broader struggle between regional titans Saudi Arabia and Iran that has heated up under Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman in Riyadh.

The Saudis and their ally the US have said that Shiite Iran provides military support to the rebels, including components for ballistic missiles that have been fired over the Saudi border.

Tehran has denied such accusation and insisted that its backing for the Houthis is purely political.

Brigadier Jamal al-Moammari, a former Yemeni air force officer, told reporters that Iranian arms, experts and “equipment to develop ballistic missiles” arrived in 2015.

Security analyst Aleksandar Mitreski said that Iran helps the Houthis both directly and indirectly.

“Where and when possible, Iran supplies the rebels with equipment and training for the Houthis to remain a formidable opponent,” he said.

The Saudi-led coalition has claimed that members of Iran-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah were also killed in Yemen while training the Houthis. Hezbollah has denied this.

GOVERNMENT CACHES

Despite the allegations over Iranian support, it appears that the bulk of the Houthis’ weaponry comes from looted official stockpiles.

Brigadier Abdo Majli, a spokesman for pro-government forces, told reporters that “90 percent of Houthi arms came from the Yemeni army depots” taken along with Sana’a in 2014.

Majli said that despite coalition warplanes destroying some of the weapons, the Houthis had managed to “hide them in secret stores” in their northern strongholds.

The rebels’ impressive arsenal has been on display in the latest battles for the key port city of Hodeida as they deployed tanks to halt the advance of pro-government forces.

The Houthis have also laid a large number of landmines and manufacture some of their own weapons, including rockets and reportedly even drones.

LOCAL BACKING

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