Wed, Oct 10, 2018 - Page 6 News List

Myanmar unwilling to act: UN envoy


A Burmese border guard watches over a Rohingya refugee settlement in the fenced-off strip of land in Myanmar along its border with Bangladesh as seen from Maungdaw in Rakhine state during a government-organized visit for journalists on Aug. 24.

Photo: AFP

Myanmar is “unable and unwilling” to investigate its abuses against Rohingya Muslims, a UN rights envoy has said, bolstering calls for the country’s generals to be hauled before an international court.

A UN fact-finding mission has called for Myanmar’s top brass to be investigated for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes over a brutal crackdown against Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine state that forced more than 720,000 of the beleaguered minority to flee the country to Bangladesh.

Myanmar has dismissed the allegations, slamming the UN body as biased, and the government has set up its own committee to investigate the crimes.

However, UN Special Rapporteur Yanghee Lee — who has been barred from entering the country since December — said that the government has shown little capacity for an unbiased probe into the violence, saying that it has taken “limited and insufficient steps.”

“[Myanmar] is unable and unwilling to discharge its obligation to conduct credible, prompt, thorough, independent and impartial investigations and prosecutions,” Lee said in a report that she published via her Twitter account on Monday.

Given Myanmar’s refusal to hold itself accountable, it was up to international courts to seek justice, she added.

“The onus is on the international community to take action,” she said. “Any delay in instituting justice will only result in more violations.”

In her conclusions, she said the UN should “refer the situation in Myanmar to the International Criminal Court immediately.”

The northern part of Rakhine has been on lockdown since the violence broke out in August last year, with journalists and observers only allowed to visit on short, chaperoned trips. UN investigators — who authored the explosive fact-finding report — were not allowed into the country, while Lee has been barred from entering Myanmar since December for her sharp criticisms of the government’s treatment of the Rohingya.

Lee said that she had asked India for permission to meet Rohingya refugees there, but received no response from Delhi.

The military has denied almost all accusations of genocide leveled against it, insisting that “clearance operations” were necessary to fight Rohingya militants.

The International Criminal Court has ruled that an investigation would go ahead as Bangladesh — which has received the Rohingya refugees fleeing across the border — is a signatory of the Rome statute that created the court.

Myanmar has not signed the statute, and a minister told the UN General Assembly that his government rejected the “dubious intervention.”

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