Tue, May 08, 2018 - Page 6 News List

Amnesty pans Egypt’s prison ‘torture’


Egypt is holding political prisoners in “prolonged and indefinite solitary confinement” that amounts to “torture,” an international rights group said yesterday.

In a new report, Amnesty International said that dozens of detained human rights activists, journalists and members of the opposition held in solitary confinement face “horrendous physical abuse.”

Such treatment results in “panic attacks, paranoia, hypersensitivity to stimuli, and difficulties with concentration and memory,” it said.

Egypt has detained thousands of people, mainly Islamists, but also several prominent secular activists, since the military overthrew then-president Mohammed Morsi in 2013. Morsi has reportedly been held in solitary confinement for most of the past five years.

“Under international law, solitary confinement may only be used as a disciplinary measure of last resort, but the Egyptian authorities are using it as a horrifying ‘extra’ punishment for political prisoners,” Amnesty’s North Africa campaigns director Najia Bounaim said.

The London-based group said it has documented 36 cases of prisoners being held in solitary confinement, including six who have been isolated from the outside world since 2013.

It said the prisoners in solitary confinement remain in their cells for 22 hours a day.

Amnesty and other rights groups say torture and abuse are widespread in Egyptian prisons.

Basing its report on dozens of interviews with former prisoners and with family members of current prisoners, the group said abuses range from extended beatings to lack of food, humiliation and restricted movement for years on end.

Prisoners held in solitary confinement “suffer depression, insomnia and an unwillingness to socialize or speak to other people when released back into the prison population,” it said.

The prolonged solitary confinement is usually aimed at extracting confessions and punishing prisoners for protesting ill-treatment, but some are held in solitary confinement purely because of their past political activism, Amnesty said.

“Prison conditions in Egypt have always been bad, but the deliberate cruelty of this treatment shows the wider contempt for human rights and dignity by the Egyptian authorities,” Bounaim said.

Later yesterday, Amnesty said that Egypt responded to its report with a 14-page statement, denying that the use of prolonged, solitary confinement is wide-spread.

However, Amnesty said the Egyptian response confirmed that judicial oversight and human rights monitoring of prisons are “inadequate and ineffective.”

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