The Burmese military, which has been accused of ethnic cleansing against the country’s Muslim Rohingya minority, has been invited back as an observer in a major multinational military exercise next year led by the US and Thailand.
Thailand had invited Myanmar to take part in the annual Cobra Gold exercise, which involves thousands of US and Thai military personnel and participants from other Asian countries, Pentagon spokesman US Lieutenant Colonel Christopher Logan told reporters.
Myanmar had been invited to observe the humanitarian assistance and disaster relief portion of the exercise, Logan said.
A senior officer at the Directorate of Joint Intelligence of the Royal Thai Armed Forces told reporters that it was unclear whether Myanmar had accepted the invitation, but Thailand was eager for them to join.
Asked why Thailand decided to invite Myanmar, despite concerns over the crackdown against the Rohingya and whether this issue was part of their deliberations, the official said: “That never came up in the discussions. We separated that issue [the Rohingya]. We focus on training, on education, on military cooperation. That is our wish, to have Myanmar involved.”
“That is politics. We are soldiers. This is a military exercise,” added the official, who declined to be named because he was not authorized to speak to the media.
The Burmese military did not respond to several requests for comment.
When asked whether the US military had attempted to apply pressure on Thailand not to invite Myanmar because of the international condemnation of its crackdown, the Pentagon declined to comment on internal deliberations.
The Burmese military cracked down on Muslim Rohingya from Rakhine State following Rohingya militant attacks on an army base and police posts in August.
The crackdown has caused about 650,000 Rohingya to flee to Bangladesh.
The US and the UN have described the campaign as ethnic cleansing of the stateless Rohingya.
The Burmese military has said its own internal investigation had exonerated security forces of all accusations of atrocities in Rakhine.
However, earlier this week, the US imposed sanctions on 13 “serious human rights abusers and corrupt actors,” including Burmese General Maung Maung Soe, who oversaw the crackdown against the Rohingya.
Inviting Myanmar to the exercise was “outrageous” and sent the wrong message, US National War College professor Zachary Abuza said.
“To invite them after what the US government has labeled ethnic cleansing, when the [US] Treasury Department just yesterday designated the commander for these egregious violations of human rights, just seems wrong, and that is putting it too mildly,” said Abuza, who focuses on Southeast Asia and security issues, including human rights.
Twenty-nine nations, including Myanmar, either participated in or observed this year’s exercise.
It included about 3,600 US personnel.
Cobra Gold is an annual exercise in Thailand. Next year’s games are expected to be held in February.
The US and Thailand have carried out joint war games for decades, even though Bangkok’s record on human rights and democracy has often been criticized in Washington.
The US-Thai relationship cooled when the Thai military took power in a 2014 coup, but has improved under US President Donald Trump.
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