Fri, Sep 15, 2017 - Page 6 News List

Sweden asks NATO to its first war games in 20 years

Reuters, GOTHENBURG, Sweden

Neutral Sweden has launched its biggest war games in two decades with support from NATO countries, drilling 19,000 troops after years of spending cuts that have left the country fearful of Russia’s growing military strength.

On the eve of Russia’s biggest maneuvers since 2013, which NATO said would be greater than the 13,000 troops Moscow said are involved, Sweden is to simulate an attack from the east on the Baltic island of Gotland, near the Swedish mainland.

“The security situation has taken a turn for the worse,” Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces Micael Byden said during a presentation of the three-week-long exercise.

Sweden, like the Baltics, Poland and much of the West, has been deeply troubled by Russia’s 2014 annexation of Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula and its support for rebels in eastern Ukraine.

“Russia is the country that affects security in Europe right now with its actions — the annexation of the Crimea and continued battles in eastern Ukraine — so it is clear that we are watching very closely what Russia is doing,” Byden said.

About 1,500 troops from the US, France, Norway and other NATO allies are taking part in the exercise, dubbed Aurora.

Sweden, which is not a NATO member, has decided to beef up its military after having let spending drop from more than 2 percent of economic output in the early 1990s to around 1 percent, and is reintroducing conscription.

The armed forces, which at one point could mobilize more than 600,000, stand at just 20,000, with 22,000 more Swedish Home Guard volunteers.

NATO generals said the Aurora exercise is not a response to Russian exercises that started yesterday.

However, Byden, speaking as US and French forces displayed mobile surface-to-air missile systems to be deployed during the exercise, stressed the importance of NATO for Sweden.

“We are a sovereign country that takes care of and is responsible for our safety. We do this together with others, ready to both support and receive help,” he said.

The US shipped vehicles by sea from Germany, while France brought others by train. They are to be moved via a classified route to Sweden’s east coast for the exercise, in which US attack helicopters will play the enemy.

The government is determined to stick to its formal neutrality. Sweden has not fought a war since it clashed with Norway in 1814.

However, like its non-NATO neighbor Finland, Sweden has been drawing closer to NATO, allowing closer cooperation with alliance troops, with a view to working together in an armed conflict.

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