Wed, Aug 09, 2017 - Page 6 News List

West raises concern over Taliban heroin production


Security personnel destroy an illegal poppy crop in the Surkh Rod district of Afghanistan’s Nangarhar Province on April 5.

Photo: AFP

The Taliban — which banned poppy cultivation when it ruled Afghanistan — now appears to wield significant control over the war-torn country’s heroin production line, providing insurgents with billions of dollars, officials have said.

Last year, Afghanistan, which produces 80 percent of the world’s opium, made about 4,800 tonnes of the drug, bringing in revenues of US$3 billion, according to the UN.

The Taliban has long taxed poppy-growing farmers to fund their years-long insurgency, but Western officials are concerned it is now running its own factories, refining the lucrative crop into morphine and heroin for export.

“I pretty firmly feel they are processing all the harvest,” US Assistant Secretary for Drugs and Law Enforcement William Brownfield told reporters in Kabul recently.

“Everything they harvest is duly processed inside the country. They receive more revenues if they process it before it has left the country,” Brownfield said.

“Obviously we are dealing with very loose figures, but drug trafficking amounts to billions of dollars every year from which the Taliban is taking a substantial percentage,” he added.

Poppies, which are cheap and easy to grow, make up half of Afghanistan’s entire agricultural output. Farmers are paid about US$163 for a kilo of the black sap — the raw opium that oozes out of poppy seed pods when they are slit with a knife.

Once it is refined into heroin, the Taliban sells it in regional markets for between US$2,300 and US$3,500 a kilo. By the time it reaches Europe it wholesales for US$45,000, according to a Western expert who is advising Afghan anti-narcotics forces and asked not to be named.

He said an increase in seizures of chemicals required to turn opium into morphine, the first step before it becomes heroin, such as acid anhydride, points to an escalation in Taliban drug activity.

Sixty-six tonnes of the chemicals were seized in all of last year, while 50 tonnes were impounded in just the first six months of this year, the expert said.

Early last month, 15 tonnes were confiscated in the west of Afghanistan near the border with Iran, the start of a popular drug route to Europe through Turkey, he said.

Seizures of morphine have also increased. Fifty-seven tonnes were discovered in the first half of this year, compared with 43 tonnes for the whole of last year, added the expert, who said that only about 10 percent of what is produced is actually discovered.

“It’s easy to build a rudimentary laboratory — walls of cob, a thatched roof — and when the operation is finished it is evacuated,” the source said.

Afghanistan’s interior ministry said that between January and June, 46 clandestine drug factories were closed down by anti-narcotics officers compared with 16 in the first half of last year.

The US Drug Enforcement Administration predicts that the crackdown has deprived traffickers of about US$300 million in income since the turn of the year.

A senior Western official who asked not to be named was adamant that the Taliban has its own laboratories, describing the southern province of Helmand, where an estimated 80 percent of Afghan poppies are grown, as a “big drug factory.”

“Helmand is all about drugs, poppy and Taliban. The majority of their funding comes from the poppy, morphine labs, heroin labs. Of course they have their own labs,” he said.

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