Mon, Aug 01, 2016 - Page 4 News List

FEATURE: Asia donkey demand poses problems for Burkina Faso


In the small Burkinabe village of Balole, where farmers struggle to grow tomatoes, cabbages and aubergines, angry youngsters armed with batons and machetes are barring entry to the slaughterhouse.

A sickening stench from dozens of rotting donkey carcasses hangs in the air.

This is the flipside of Burkina Faso’s booming trade with Asia in donkey meat and donkey hides.

Fed up with the foul smell and pollution blamed on the slaughter, dozens of villagers earlier this month ransacked the abattoir and have blocked its entrance ever since.

Eating donkey meat is nothing new in parts of the west African country, where some believe the flesh has medicinal virtues and can even cure measles.

However, the export of donkey meat and hides, notably to China and Vietnam, has flourished beyond measure in recent years, triggering some controversy.

“More than 45,000 donkeys have been slaughtered in less than six months” out of an estimated total of 1.5 million, government spokesman Remi Fulgance Dandjinou said.

“The subject has come up twice in Cabinet meetings and the [Burkinabe] Ministry of Animal Resources has been told to find ways of regulating the slaughter,” he added.

Daily newspaper Sidwaya quoted the Burkinabe Directorate-General of Customs as saying that 19 tonnes of donkey hides had been flown to Hong Kong between October last year and January.

Demand for hides has driven prices up, from a mere 2,000 CFA francs (US$3.41) apiece to between 30,000 and 50,000 CFA francs.

“A donkey that cost 50,000 CFA francs a couple of years ago now sells for between 70,000 and 90,000,” said Issouf Kombassere, a donkey butcher in Saaba, a rural area in the center of the country.

Some fear the trade could see donkeys disappear altogether in Taiwan’s diplomatic ally, Burkina Faso, one of the world’s poorest nations, where the beasts are used for transport.

Females take a year to bear young and need two years between each birth.

In Balole, which is about 25km west of the capital, Ouagadougou, villagers took matters into their own hands when their vegetables wilted in the soil due to toxic runoff from the plant.

As part of their protests, they let hundreds of animals loose.

“More than 400 now are in the bush. Some that were sick or very hungry are dying and infecting the village even more,” said Karim Simpore, the villager who says he led the July 11 raid.

The abattoir, built in 2011, was rented out to a French businessman and his Chinese partners by the local owner.

Their company, Best Trade Center, exported exclusively to Asia, with hides mainly for China and meat going to Vietnam, the authorities and witnesses told reporters.

“Four trucks full of donkeys would arrive every day, from Burkina, Mali and even Mauritania,” Simpore said. “They’d slaughter 150 to 200 donkeys a day.”

During an inspection, more than 85 donkey corpses were found on the premises “decomposing with worms coming out,” Burkinabe Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Water Resources official Christophe Bazie told reporters.

He said the firm was fined 1 million CFA francs for abandoning harmful waste, but that penalties could be 10 times higher or even include jail terms.

Simpore said that when the business began, there seemed to be no problems, “but once the first rains fell, water washed the blood and the offal from the abattoir to the wells and streams, so there was no fresh water left to drink.”

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