Top European officials and Greek Minister of Finance Yanis Varoufakis were on Thursday forced to play down fears that the country was poised to exit the eurozone, after the IMF rejected suggestions that Athens would postpone loan repayments.
The perilous state of Greece’s government finances was laid bare when Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras confirmed he had been reduced to seeking funding support from the wealthy Greek Orthodox Church.
Greek bond yields soared to their highest point since 2012 as concerns mounted that the country would default on billions of dollars in debt and be forced to leave the eurozone, an event which could shake global financial markets.
However, German Minister of Finance Wolfgang Schaeuble and EU Economic Affairs Commissioner Pierre Moscovici both said that talks on new financing for Greece continue on the basis that a deal will be reached and that the country stays in the single currency zone.
Varoufakis insisted that Athens was committed to the eurozone, despite rising talk of a Greek exit or “Grexit.”
“Toying with Grexit... is profoundly anti-European,” he said in Washington. “Our only rational pro-European response is to spend every waking hour ... trying to reach an honorable agreement.”
The clock is ticking toward the deadline on Friday next week for Greece and the EU to agree on conditions for another 7.2 billion euros (US$7.8 billion) to keep the Athens government afloat.
Greece’s plight overtook the spring meetings of the IMF and World Bank, meant to discuss the progress of the world economy and the fight against poverty at large.
Greece has large debt repayments to the IMF looming early next month, and to the European Central Bank in June. Athens denied reports that it had asked to put off the repayments to the IMF to buy time.
However, IMF managing director Christine Lagarde suggested the issue had been raised — and had been flatly rejected.
“We have been able to express and explain the policy of the IMF in terms of payment delays, and give the precedence and history about that to Mr Varoufakis,” she said. “Payment delays have not been granted by the board of the IMF in the last 30 years.”
“It’s clearly not a course of action that would actually fit, or be recommendable in the current situation,” Lagarde added.
Speculation of a Greek default mounted after Standard & Poor’s cut the country’s credit rating on Wednesday to “junk.”
And at the same time EU officials expressed strong frustration with Athens over the pace of the talks.
“At this stage, we are not satisfied with the level of progress,” European Commission spokesman Margaritis Schinas said.
“Work needs to intensify” before the April 24 meeting of the Eurogroup finance ministers in Riga, Latvia, Schinas said.
The Greek government was also under growing pressure at home. The government announced 177 million euros in new ministerial spending cuts.
At the same time, thousands of miners took to the streets over fears of losing their jobs in one of the biggest labor protests since Tsipras’ leftist SYRIZA party took power in January promising an end to the austerity that came with the IMF-EU bailouts.
Seeking more sources of money, Tsipras on Thursday announced the start of a “dialogue” with the Orthodox Church on using clerical assets to boost the struggling state coffers.
The first Greek prime minister to be sworn in in a secular ceremony thanked “with all my heart” the head of the church, Archbishop of Athens Ieronymos II, who recently declared that the church’s wealth was available to help repay the national debt.
At IMF headquarters, Lagarde outlined where Athens had to make commit to greater reforms: on pensions, tax collection and opening product and service markets.
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