Mon, Mar 23, 2015 - Page 6 News List

Hidden Congolese museum safeguards tradition considered ‘satanic’ by some


Wooden sculptures carved by members of the Buyu ethnic group — one of four main groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s South Kivu Province — are on display in the Kivu Museum in Bukavu on March 17.

Photo: AFP

Perched on a shelf, the Little Kabila with the mysterious eyes greets visitors to the Kivu Museum, housed in a Catholic mission, but aimed at safeguarding endangered Congolese traditional artifacts that some might consider “satanic.”

The statuette depicting a woman sitting on her heels and holding a jar in her hands used to feature on all Congolese 10-franc notes, but is no longer in circulation.

Former president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) Laurent-Desire Kabila himself — the father of Congolese President Joseph Kabila — had insisted that she be represented in this way, according to museum guide Barthelemy Kayumba.

The museum lies hidden behind the walls of the mission of the Xaverian Fathers, Catholic missionaries of Jesuit influence, in Bukavu, the capital of South Kivu, in eastern DR Congo.

In the Luba language, “kabila means to share or distribute,” Kayumba said.

For the Luba, an ethnic group from the nation’s southeast where the head of state was born, the statuette fulfills “a function of mutual aid and solidarity,” he added.

It also held a symbolic value for Kabila senior, a former rebel chief who in 1997 put an end to Mobutu Sese Seko’s 32-year dictatorship.

“The chief, or the mother, has to take care of the weakest and watch over the youngest,” Kayumba said.

Like many items in the museum, the Little Kabila is a copy. However, the Xaverian Fathers, who first arrived in the nation in 1954, have also amassed authentic pieces, often created for the initiation or nomination ceremony of a mwami (chief), Father Italo said.

Having lived in the DR Congo for nearly 40 years, the Italian priest closely knew Father Andre, the museum’s founder, who is currently undergoing treatment for an undisclosed illness in Europe.

The museum opened its doors to the public in 2013, but the hunt for artifacts began 10 years earlier, at the end of the Second Congo War from 1998 to 2003.

For South Kivu, the end of this African regional war, which took place solely in the DR Congo, did not bring peace.

Like its neighbor Northern Kivu and other parts in the nation’s east, the province remains torn by violence and armed conflicts fueled by Congolese or foreign militias.

The museum has managed all the same to gather an impressive collection of several hundred statuettes, masks and idols thanks to the cooperation of the village chiefs of South Kivu’s main ethnic groups — Lega, Bembe, Shi and Buyu — who provided the majority of the authentic pieces.

Because of their symbolic value, these artifacts have been handed down from chief to chief, some of whom now have real treasures in their possession.

One object is thought to be at least 100 years old, Kayumba said.

The items had to be hidden from armed groups trying to steal them, he added.

Under Belgian colonization from 1908 to 1960, and with the arrival of Catholic missionaries, the tradition was denounced as “witchcraft” and Congolese were told to “leave it behind, even though this was their way of life and there was a real school of wisdom behind it,” Father Italo said.

In the Lega tribe, for instance, a chief’s son does not automatically follow in his father’s footsteps; instead, the council of elders chooses the contender with the “highest moral values,” Kayumba said.

The museum’s role is to “preserve the endangered collective memory of a people,” Father Italo added.

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