Sun, Jan 18, 2015 - Page 4 News List

Chinese mourn purged leader Zhao

MOCKING RULE OF LAW:Former long-time aide Bao Tong condemned authorities for the monitoring of would-be mourners and deciding which leaders to remember


Chinese mourners yesterday marked the 10th anniversary of the death of ousted Communist leader Zhao Ziyang (趙紫陽) under tight surveillance by authorities, which the reformer’s top aide derided as “a mockery of the rule of law.”

Zhao is a revered figure among Chinese human rights defenders, in part for opposing the use of force to quell the 1989 Tiananmen Square democracy protests, when hundreds of unarmed civilians — by some estimates, more than 1,000 — were killed.

He was later deposed as premier and Chinese Communist Party general secretary, and forced to live under house arrest for the next 16 years until his death on Jan. 17, 2005, aged 85.

Outside Zhao’s former home in Beijing, where his ashes are kept along with those of his wife, groups of mourners were seen entering with baskets of flowers, watched by about a dozen security forces. Foreign journalists were prevented from entering.

Besides opposing then Chinese-leader Deng Xiaoping’s (鄧小平) imposition of martial law, Zhao was respected for carrying out economic reforms in the 1980s that created opportunities for many people.

Despite his contributions to China’s economy, Zhao was not given a proper funeral as is generally afforded former leaders, and instead has been continually blamed for siding with the students.

Zhao’s son-in-law, Wang Zhihua (王志華), in an interview with Voice of America, voiced the family’s hopes that they would one day be able to give him a proper burial.

In an op-ed published earlier this week by US-funded Radio Free Asia, Bao Tong (鮑彤), an outspoken long-time aide to Zhao, condemned the authorities’ practice of monitoring would-be mourners and deciding for themselves which of China’s leaders were to be remembered.

“Of course, this is utterly ridiculous and makes a mockery of the rule of law,” wrote Bao, who was purged along with Zhao and has spent much of the last 25 years either in jail, under house arrest or facing other restrictions.

Zhao, he continued, “cared about ordinary people, so naturally they cared about him, too.”

“He treated people like human beings, and he wanted everyone to become citizens in a commonwealth of the free,” Bao wrote.

In an editorial, the state-run Global Times said silence from authorities “is also considered an official gesture.”

“In the past 25 years, China has pursued a path that Zhao and his think tanks opposed at that time, becoming the world’s second largest economy,” the editorial said. “China is using its actions and achievements to answer questions over the sensitive issues.”

Previous years have seen authorities prevent commemorations of Zhao’s death.

“It has been many years since I have been able to go to Beijing to honor his memory,” retired academic Sun Wenguang (孫文廣), who is kept under regular surveillance by Chinese authorities, told reporters by telephone.

The 81-year-old Sun is one of China’s oldest activists, viciously beaten by authorities in 2009 when he sneaked past guards watching his building in an attempt to pay his respects on the anniversary of Zhao’s death.

Zhao’s spirit is “extremely precious,” he said, adding it “deserves to be remembered and cherished.”

In 2006, about 30 dissidents, petitioners and ordinary citizens planned to gather at the Beijing residence of activist Li Jinping (李金平) a year after Zhao’s demise.

However, police placed at least a half-dozen of them under house arrest, including lawyer Gao Zhisheng (高智晟) and Qi Zhiyong (齊志勇), who lost his leg after troops shot him during the Tiananmen violence.

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