A Philippine court yesterday found nine Chinese fishermen guilty of poaching and environmental crimes for fishing in disputed waters in a case that has strained relations with China.
The nine, arrested in May, were fined US$100,000 each for poaching, with an additional 120,000 pesos (US$2,700) fine for catching an endangered species, Philippine prosecutor Allen Ross Rodriguez said in the town of Puerto Princesa on Palawan Island.
Philippine police said that they found hundreds of sea turtles — a protected species — on the fishermen’s 15-tonne vessel when they arrested the group at Half Moon Shoal (Banyue Shoal, 半月礁).
The shoal is 111km west of Palawan, on the eastern edge of the Spratly Islands, (Nansha Islands, 南沙群島) — part of which are claimed by Taiwan.
China claims nearly all of the South China Sea, including Half Moon Shoal and other areas near Palawan that are also claimed by Taiwan and the Philippines.
Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs spokesman Charles Jose said the court’s decision should not further complicate ties with China.
“This is a purely law enforcement matter,” Jose told reporters.
A spokeswoman for the Chinese embassy in Manila could not be reached for comment.
China previously demanded that the Philippines release the fishermen immediately, saying it has “undisputable sovereignty” over the shoal.
It also refused to cooperate in the legal proceedings and failed to provide a defense lawyer or translator for the nine fishermen — a move which prosecutors said delayed the proceedings.
The Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs provided a translator for yesterday’s proceedings.
The arrest of the fishermen worsened relations soured by the two countries’ territorial dispute.
China’s claim covers vast fishing areas and shipping lanes, which potentially hold valuable mineral resources. It also conflicts with the claims of Taiwan, Brunei, Malaysia and Vietnam.
The Philippines in March filed a formal plea to the UN challenging China’s claims, but Beijing has rejected UN arbitration.
Originally, 11 Chinese were found on the boat, but two were found to be minors and were repatriated without charges.
The court also ordered the confiscation of the fishermen’s gear and their vessel, which it turned over to the government of Palawan.
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