Young middle-class drinkers from Asia’s emerging economies are being targeted as China’s voracious appetite for wine slows down, organizers said ahead of the region’s largest-ever wine and spirits fair, which opens tomorrow in Hong Kong.
The Vinexpo trade exhibition, set to attract more than 1,000 exhibitors from around the world, is to include a cocktail bar, talks on pairing wine with regional cuisine and tastings of Chinese wines, such as baijiu (白酒) made from sorghum.
It comes as wine consumption in China saw its first decline in a decade last year, partly influenced by Beijing’s anti-corruption measures as well as a more sluggish economy.
“There was a slowdown of the economy in China last year. There was also this anti-luxury message coming from Beijing,” Vinexpo Asia-Pacific chief executive officer Guillaume Deglise told reporters.
Overall wine consumption in the country dropped by 2.5 percent last year, the first decline after 10 years of uninterrupted growth at an astonishing rate of about 25 percent per year, according to a Vinexpo survey.
Claire Henry, Hong Kong-based manager for French online wine auction company idealwine.com said that with the austerity and restriction drive led by Chinese President Xi Jinping (習近平), the country’s market “is no longer crazy.”
“It’s not an easy market now. China has closed a bit of its door,” she said.
A drop in official parties and dinners — part of the austerity drive — is “a sign of this evolution,” she said.
Yet, she added, such consolidation could result in higher market quality, with fewer counterfeit wines and less “opportunists” seeking profits rather than purchasing wine for its quality.
China overtook France as the world’s largest consumer of red wine last year, guzzling more than 155 million 9 liter cases or 1.865 billion bottles that year, according to Vinexpo.
It remains the region’s leading wine consumer and the world’s fifth-largest market for wine overall, overtaking the UK in 2012.
With demand growing in other Asian markets, however — for spirits as well as wine — drinksmakers are starting to look beyond China.
“China will remain by far the No. 1 market for the future here in Asia ... [however,] there are many more markets in Southeast Asia,” Deglise said.
“Vinexpo is not just about China,” he added.
He expected double-digit market growth in the next few years in countries such as Vietnam and Thailand, where a growing middle class is creating an aspirational new wave of drinkers.
Vinexpo said 40 percent of wine consumed in Asia is outside China.
“We talk about a lot of other markets like Vietnam, the Philippines, Thailand, [South] Korea or Taiwan. All of these markets are expanding. It’s very important for ... all the importers coming from these countries,” Deglise said.
Younger drinkers with money to spend are also driving a market in beer and spirits over expensive wines, analysts say,
Global wine consumption increased by 3.2 percent in volume between 2008 and 2012, while in the same period, the volume of spirits consumption grew by 55 percent in Asia-Pacific.
“The Asia-Pacific region is largest in the world for spirits, China is the No. 1 market for spirits,” Deglise said. “Vinexpo is also about spirits.”
The three-day fair is to include a bar showcasing cocktails for the first time, he added.
“We are building up a dedicated space area for spirits and a new concept bar, which has never been made in Vinexpo before,” he said.