A day after his former comrades-in-arms signed a treaty to end 42 years of bloodshed in the Philippines, an aging Muslim guerrilla leader packing a rusty handgun vowed to fight on.
“We want independence through armed struggle,” Abu Missry Mama, spokesman and senior leader of the breakaway Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF), told reporters on a visit to his rural stronghold in the south.
Mama’s former comrades in the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) signed a peace treaty on Thursday that is expected to see them gain power under self-rule in the Catholic nation’s Muslim-populated southern areas.
Mama, 62, is the public face of the BIFF, which split from the 10,000-member MILF in 2008 during conflict on how best to advance the common interests of the 10 million Philippine Muslims.
The Muslim rebellion that began in 1972 has left tens of thousands of people dead and consigned the area of the proposed autonomous region to brutal poverty and lawlessness.
“The MILF have their own way and we have mine too,” said Mama, who speaks fluent English and Filipino, the country’s official language.
He said he fought for the MILF and was now the No. 3 leader of the BIFF under its founder Ameril Umrakato, who the military said has been incapacitated by illness.
The BIFF founder was accused of leading his men in attacks across the south in 2008 that left more than 400 people dead and displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians.
The farming region, more than 1,000km south of Manila, is dotted by small military camps and checkpoints.
Small military units and motorists have been frequent targets of deadly BIFF attacks as the group sought to disrupt the peace process, somehow withstanding repeated government assaults against it.
As he presided over the peace treaty signing in Manila on Thursday, Philippine President Benigno Aquino vowed that armed opponents of the pact “will be met with a firm response based on righteousness and justice.”
After more than 50 of its members were killed in a major military operation in late January, the BIFF has about 460 guerrillas left, military spokesman Lieutenant-Colonel Ramon Zagala said.
Zagala said Mama was apparently an alias and the man was considered by the military as a BIFF spokesman.
Mama said the BIFF would only consider peace talks if the Philippine government would allow the creation of a separate Muslim nation, something Aquino has ruled out.
“There would be no condition in the talks. They just have to leave our homeland,” Mama said.