At least 16 people died in clashes in Central African Republic on Thursday as new interim President Catherine Samba-Panza took office with a plea for militia to lay down their arms to halt the escalating inter-religious violence.
Almost 1 million people, or a quarter of the population of the former French colony, have been displaced by fighting that began when gunmen from the Seleka rebels, most of them Muslims, seized power in a coup in March.
Christian self-defense groups, known as “anti-balaka” (anti-machete), have since taken up arms against them. The UN estimates that tit-for-tat violence has claimed more than 2,000 lives since March.
A French intervention force and thousands of African peacekeepers have failed to stop the killing, which has worsened in Bangui and in the northwest in recent days. At least 16 died in the capital on Thursday, the Red Cross said.
Samba-Panza, the mayor of Bangui elected as interim president by a transitional assembly on Monday as part of a plan to restore order, said she was taking the helm of a country in chaos.
“It is urgent that state authority and security is re-established throughout the entire country,” she said in her inaugural speech, in the presence of French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and regional leaders.
“I call on the anti-balaka to show patriotism and lay down their arms. This permanent disorder will not be tolerated,” she said.
She took office after former Central African Republic president Michel Djotodia, a former Seleka leader, stepped down on Jan. 10 after intense international pressure.
Hundreds of looters rampaged through Muslim areas of Bangui on Thursday, burning homes and carrying off furniture and metal roofs. Central African Republic Red Cross president Antoine Mbao Bogo said the northern PK12 neighborly was the epicenter.
“There are scenes of xenophobia where people are stabbing others because they belong to another ethnic group. There were 16 killed in an atrocious manner,” he said.
French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that international forces faced a difficult task to end the deepening cycle of violence.
“There is an unbelievable level of hatred. No doubt we underestimated the degree of hatred, the desire for vengeance among the Seleka and the anti-balaka militias,” he told French TV channel iTele.
French forces shot one man dead among a group protesting against the lack of security after anti-balaka fighters killed one person at a camp for displaced Muslims waiting to leave the city, witnesses said.
After the man was buried, an angry crowd armed with machetes and other crude weapons approached a French checkpoint in PK12, Human Rights Watch emergencies director Peter Bouckaert said.
“We saw them bringing the body back from the frontline where they were protesting and they said: ‘It’s the French. It’s the French,’” Bouckaert said by telephone.
Another man was wounded in the shooting, Bouckaert said.