The count got under way yesterday in Iraqi Kurdistan’s first election in four years, with opposition groups hoping to end the decades-old dominance of the two main former rebel parties.
The vote itself went off largely without incident on Saturday, with electoral turnout pegged at 73.9 percent.
Yet sporadic violence hit the main opposition grouping in the run-up to the elections and one man was reported killed in a shooting after polls closed.
The UN praised the “smooth conduct” of the vote, with preliminary results due in the coming days.
The election for the Iraqi autonomous region’s parliament came as two-and-a-half years of turmoil around the Middle East raised renewed questions about the political future of the Kurds, who are spread across a number of neighboring states.
Supporters of the region’s biggest bloc, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) of Kurdistani President Massud Barzani, took to the streets of the regional capital, Arbil, after polls closed, honking car horns, waving KDP flags and firing off celebratory gunfire.
Similar scenes were reported elsewhere in the three-province autonomous region, with supporters of various parties in a festive mood.
About 2.8 million Kurds were eligible to vote.
Campaigning centered on calls for more to be done to fight corruption and improve the delivery of basic services, as well as on how the energy-rich region’s oil revenue should be spent.
The elections, the first since July 2009, saw three main parties jostling for position in the 111-seat Kurdish parliament, with implications beyond Iraq.
The KDP is widely expected to win the largest number of seats, although it is unlikely to obtain a majority on its own.
However, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), which is in government with the KDP, faces a challenge from the Gorra, or Movement for Change, in its Sulaimaniyah Province stronghold.
The challenge has been heightened by leadership questions as PUK’s veteran leader, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, recuperates in Germany from a stroke.
After polls closed in Arbil, one man — apparently a PUK supporter — was reported killed in a shooting, although election officials insisted the death was unconnected to the vote.
Internationally, the focus is likely to be on the region’s drive for greater economic independence from the federal government, with which it is locked in multiple disputes over oil revenues and territory.
Kurdistan enjoys a high level of autonomy from Baghdad and the regional parliament has passed laws on a wide range of issues.
Kurdistan also operates its own security forces and visa regime and has control over an array of other responsibilities.
The Kurdish authorities boast that the region enjoys greater freedom than the rest of Iraq, but their human rights record has come under criticism.