In the thousands of years of Sudanese Nuba wrestling history, there had never been anything like it: A barefoot Japanese diplomat in a tight-fitting blue singlet stepping onto the sandy pitch to take on Sudan’s toughest.
Four times this year, Yasuhiro Murotatsu has challenged the Sudanese. Four times he has lost.
However, “Muro” is not giving up.
He says his wrestling diplomacy highlights this “precious culture” and can help unite a divided country.
The Nuba Mountains of South Kordofan state are home to a linguistically and religiously diverse group of people collectively known as “Nuba.”
Wrestling is central to their farm-based society, but for more than two years a more modern form of combat has devastated the region.
Non-Arab rebels from South Kordofan have joined with other insurgents from Darfur, in Sudan’s west, in rising against the Arab-dominated regime which they complain has marginalized the regions.
“Sudanese wrestling can be a symbol of a united Sudan,” says Murotatsu, 33, a Japanese embassy political officer who tries to spend one hour a day training for his bouts.
“That’s why I am fighting. This is very important. I will be very happy if all tribes ... come to Haj Yousef to support Sudanese wrestling. This is my intention,” he said before his latest match at the stadium in the Khartoum district.
More than 1 million people in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states have been displaced or severely affected by fighting in the area, the UN says.
At the same time in Darfur, tribal violence has worsened this year, leaving hundreds dead and uprooting hundreds of thousands more.
Murotatsu has competed since February in special “friendship” matches during the regular Friday evening card in Haj Yousef, a poor neighborhood of mud-brick houses.
He says the Sudanese sport is similar to the more widely known freestyle wrestling, in which he finished among the top eight when he was in junior-high school.
“I read about wrestling in Nuba Mountains before I came to Sudan ... I became quite interested and wanted to challenge them. I thought that I could win,” says Murotatsu, a former oil industry administrator who is fluent in Arabic.
“I think I’m good,” he proclaimed in an interview before his latest match.
Murotatsu’s opponent is a thin, muscular high-school student, Saleh Omar Bol Tia Kafi, who says he has been wrestling since the age of 12.
“I would come to the ring, watch the matches, and after that I wrestled with other young boys,” says Kafi, 18.
He competes under the nickname “al-Mudiriya,” the same moniker used by his father, a wrestler who is “one of the heroes of the Nuba Mountains” — and Kafi’s inspiration.
Nuba men would hold impromptu matches while in the fields caring for their cows, Kafi says, wearing a tracksuit in the colors of the Sudanese flag.
Kafi came to Khartoum from the Nuba region at the age of eight. He lives with his family, but some relatives who remained in South Kordofan have fled to the mountains because of the fighting, he says.
The war has hit the sport hard in its Nuba homeland, but wrestling still takes place, officials say.
It is now formally known as “Sudanese” wrestling because it has grown beyond the Nuba community, says Hassan Abu Ras Saliem, deputy head of the local wrestling federation.
“We are fully convinced that this wrestling can unite Sudan,” says al-Tayeb Ahmed Ajoan, the federation’s secretary-general.