The Yamaguchi-gumi has spent almost a century building itself up into arguably the most powerful and largest organized criminal gang in the world.
Its membership of nearly 30,000 comprises almost half of the yakuza crime syndicate in the Japanese underworld, earning billions of yen through drug trafficking, money laundering, fraud and extortion. However, they may have met their match in the shape of a female restaurateur who has launched a lawsuit against the gang in what lawyers are calling a landmark case.
The woman, from Nagoya, reportedly under 24-hour police guard, is suing Kenichi Shinoda, the sixth Yamaguchi gumi kumicho, or godfather, who she says forced her to pay protection money over 12 years between 1998 and 2010. Using an anti-organized crime law revised in 2008, which says heads of organizations can be liable for damage done by its members and affiliate groups, the woman is demanding a refund worth about US$187,000 in compensation and backdated protection money.
She paid the extorted money each month to Yoshitake Matsuyama, head of a criminal group affiliated to the Kodo-kai, itself a subsidiary of the Yamaguchi-gumi. The funds, ranging in value from ￥30,000 to ￥100,000 yen (US$300 to US$1,000), were deemed to be for the protection of the business — mikajimeryo in Japanese.
“In the Nagoya area alone, it is estimated that the Yamaguchi-gumi collects a couple of hundred million yen monthly,” a member of the Aichi prefectural police told the Tokyo Reporter. “Should this end, the Yamaguchi-gumi will take a strong hit.”
Matsuyama has already been prosecuted for extortion and the restaurant owner’s lawyer, Kiyotaka Tanaka, said his client’s lawsuit could severely weaken the Yamaguchi-gumi clan.
“This woman showed great courage in standing up [to this injustice],” he said. “We would like this trial to become a curtailment for these activities in the future.”
The Yamaguchi-gumi, based in the western port city of Kobe, is threatened as never before in its 98-year history, as the law catches up with an increasing number of gang members. Last week 29-year-old Yujiro Kobayashi and three others were detained for a second time over a ￥1 billion fraud that 450 people in Tokyo fell victim to. The scam involved phoning a victim and pretending to be a relative in need of money.
Investigators say that three of the suspects, including Kobayashi, have denied the latest allegations, while the fourth has refused to comment. Five others arrested in the case were recruited by Kobayashi from Shiritsu University campus.
“This is a lucrative job in which you’ll earn at least ￥10,000 a day,” the suspect is alleged to have said.
Shinoda, 71, who has spent time in jail for killing a rival with a samurai sword, could soon find himself back in the dock. Rarely photographed, the gang leader broke with the typical black suit and shoes worn by many senior yakuza members when he was pictured leaving jail in 2011 after serving six years for illegal firearms possession, shortly after he took over control of the gang from his predecessor, Yoshinori Watanabe.
Dressed in a brown trilby and scarf, leather jacket and sunglasses, the Yamaguchi-gumi’s leader seemed satisfied with his gang’s activities while he was in jail. In 2010, the Kodo-kai gang burned down a hostess club called Infinity, killing several people, in a similar protection arrangement that went bad.