Bangladesh’s International Crimes Tribunal (ICT) is set to deliver its verdict against a top Islamist today for allegedly masterminding atrocities during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War against Pakistan, prosecutors said. Ghulam Azam, 90, could face the death penalty if convicted by the controversial court, whose previous sentences sparked the country’s worst political violence since independence.
He was the head of the Jamaat-e-Islami Party during the war in which the Bangladeshi government says millions were killed, many by the militias he allegedly helped create to support the Pakistani Army.
The ICT — set up by the secular Bangladeshi government in 2010 — will deliver its verdict against Azam today, prosecutor Sultan Mahmud told reporters.
Prosecutors have sought the death penalty for Azam, comparing him to Adolf Hitler. They have described him as a “lighthouse” who guided all other war criminals and the “architect” of the militias which committed many of the 1971 atrocities.
Azam is no longer politically active, but is seen as Jamaat’s spiritual leader. He faces five broad charges of planning, conspiracy, incitement, complicity and murder and torture in regard to 61 alleged crimes during the war, Mahmud said.
Azam’s lawyer, Tajul Islam, said the charges were based on newspaper reports of speeches Azam gave during the war, which led to the creation of Bangladesh.
“The prosecution has completely failed to prove any of the charges,” he told reporters.
The verdict against Azam is to be the fifth delivered by the tribunal. The court has previously sentences three Islamists to death and given one life imprisonment.
The verdicts triggered nationwide protests by Jamaat, the country’s largest Islamic party and a key member of the opposition, leading to mass violence in which 150 people were killed in clashes with police.
Eight more opposition politicians — six from Jamaat and two from the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party — are also on trial.
The court last month also ordered an influential British Muslim and a US citizen to stand trial in absentia.
The opposition has criticized the cases as politically motivated and aimed at settling old scores rather than meting out justice.
Unlike other war crimes courts, the Bangladesh tribunal is not endorsed by the UN. The New York-based Human Rights Watch group has said its procedures fall short of international standards.
Dhaka maintains the trials are needed to heal the wounds of the 1971 war in which it says 3 million died. Independent estimates put the death toll at between 300,000 and 500,000.