Fri, Apr 05, 2013 - Page 4 News List

Extreme weather to worsen in Australia

INCONVENIENT TRUTH:Summer temperatures have been rising, with a three-day heat wave in Melbourne leading to 980 heat-related deaths in 2009, a report said

The Guardian

The extreme heat waves, flooding and bush fires striking Australia have already been intensified by climate change and are set to get even worse in future, according to a new report.

Only fast and deep cuts to carbon emissions can start to reverse the trend, say scientists from the Climate Commission, an independent advisory group set up by the Australian government.

“Climate change is making many extreme events worse in terms of their impacts on people, property, communities and the environment,” climate commissioner professor Will Steffen said. “We are very concerned that the risk of more frequent and more severe extreme weather events is increasing as we continue to emit more and more greenhouse gases.”

“Records are broken from time to time, but record-breaking weather is becoming more common as the climate shifts. Only strong preventative action, with deep and swift cuts in emissions this decade, can stabilize the climate and halt the trend toward more intense extreme weather,” chief commissioner Tim Flannery said.

The report states that the number of record hot days in Australia has doubled since the 1960s, with the summer last year including the hottest summer, hottest month and hottest day on record.

In a previous heat wave in southeastern Australia in 2009, Melbourne experienced three consecutive days at or above 43°C in late January, the report says, leading to 980 heat-related deaths, three times the average mortality. Hot records are now being broken three times more often than cold records, the report found.

“There is little doubt that over the next few decades changes in extreme events will increase the risks of adverse consequences to human health, agriculture, infrastructure and the environment,” in Australia, the report found.

Key food-growing regions across the southeast and the southwest are likely to experience more droughts in the future, with part of western Australia having already experienced a 15 percent drop in rainfall since the mid-1970s.

Beyond the risk to human life, the report also highlights the great economic costs extreme weather can cause.

The cost of the 2009 “Black Saturday” bush fires in Victoria was estimated at A$4.4 billion (US$4.6 billion), while the Queensland floods of 2010/2011 cost more than A$5 billion, the report said.

Global warming has already caused global sea level to rise 20cm, the report wrote, meaning storm surges ride toward the coast from a level higher than a century ago, significantly increasing the risk of flooding along Australia’s socially, economically and environmentally important coastlines.

The report cites the example of Fremantle, which since 1950 has experienced a tripling in flooding.

The underlying cause, the report concludes, is that climate change means the atmosphere is warmer, wetter and more energetic than 50 years ago, loading the dice towards more frequent and more severe extreme weather events.

In 2011, a report by 220 scientists concluded that extreme weather was increasing, with heat waves near certain to become more damaging and intense rainfall likely to rise.

In Australia, the emergency services are already noting the need to prepare for a more extreme climate, with the Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council saying: “Fire and emergency service agencies need to plan strategically to identify how they would cope with the projected increase in frequency and intensity of extreme weather.”

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