Mandela served one term as South Africa’s first black president after winning historic all-race elections in 1994.
Having spent almost three decades in prison for opposing apartheid, he is revered as the symbol of the country’s peaceful shift into democracy after racist white minority rule.
He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, together with apartheid South Africa’s last president, F.W. de Klerk.
Mandela the man has grown increasingly frail in recent years, remaining out of the public eye at his rural home village in the Eastern Cape.