French and Malian troops pushed north yesterday toward the key Islamist strongholds in northern Mali, as West African defense chiefs gathered in Ivory Coast to review plans to deploy a regional intervention force.
The emergency meeting in Abidjan is to look at how to get soldiers from the African force on the ground as quickly as possible.
Although the Economic Community of West African States has pledged more than 4,500 soldiers to help Mali retake its Islamist-occupied north, their deployment has been delayed by financing and logistical problems.
While a fraction of the African forces have arrived in Bamako and are slowly deploying elsewhere, the French and Malian forces have done all of the fighting.
On Friday, the French and Malian forces captured Hombori, another northern town in their advance on the Islamist stronghold of Gao.
A Malian security source said the troops would press on to Gao. Along with Kidal and Timbuktu, it is one of the three major northern towns where the al-Qaeda-linked Islamists have imposed a harsh form of Islamic law for 10 months.
To the center, the source added, French-led forces who on Monday had recaptured the town of Diabaly were pushing northeast towards the town of Lere with the aim of taking control of Timbuktu, still further north.
Plans for a second front against the Islamists were hit on Friday when the insurgents bombed a key bridge at Tassiga. It would have given African troops gathering in Niger to the south easy access to Gao.
More than than 2,000 Chadian soldiers have arrived in Niger, joining 500 soldiers from the country’s army, to tackle the Islamist forces in Mali.
Aid agencies have expressed increasing concern about the growing food crisis for civilians in the vast semi-arid north of Mali and the drought-wracked Sahel.
A statement from French aid group Action Against Hunger (ACF) raised fears “that an armed ground intervention from Niger will cut the last access route to supply basic goods [food and medicine] to people in the region.”
Christian Aid expressed similar fears.
“The current food crisis has already brought suffering to more than 18 million people across the region,” said Yacouba Kone, its Mali country director.
“The more people are forced to flee the mounting military offensive in the north, the more market gardens are being abandoned and the less vegetables are being produced for child nutrition,” he added.
Meanwhile, US President Barack Obama backed France’s military intervention during a telephone conversation with French President Francois Hollande on Friday.
“The president expressed his support for France’s leadership of the international community’s efforts to deny terrorists a safe haven in Mali,” a White House statement said.