The Singaporean parliament has passed legal reforms abolishing mandatory death sentences in some drug trafficking and murder cases, giving fresh hope to dozens of inmates awaiting execution.
In a statement issued late on Wednesday, the Singapoeran Attorney General’s Chambers (AGC) said parliament formally approved amendments enabling judges to commute death sentences to life imprisonment under certain conditions.
Human rights groups have called for the total abolition of capital punishment in Singapore — carried out by hanging since British colonial rule — but the government says death sentences for the most serious cases will remain as a deterrent.
Before the reforms, judges had no choice but to impose the death penalty on anyone convicted of murder or trafficking in drugs above specific volumes.
Under the amended legislation, a judge now has the discretion to impose life imprisonment on a person convicted of murder if that individual has been found “not to have intended to cause death,” the AGC said.
For drugs offenses, courts can impose a life term if the accused is found to be “only a drug courier” or “suffering from such an abnormality of mind that it substantially impaired his mental responsibility for committing the offense.”
The AGC said it would meet with the lawyers of 34 people facing execution for murder and drugs offenses after parliament approved the amendments.
The AGC said the inmates “can apply to be re-sentenced” and the agency would meet with their lawyers to discuss how the new law would affect their cases.
In drugs cases, the public prosecutor must certify that a convicted offender has “substantively” helped the anti-narcotics police disrupt drug trafficking activities within Singapore or overseas, the AGC said.
Defense lawyers would be invited to see if their clients want to help the Central Narcotics Bureau fight trafficking or undergo psychiatric tests to see if their sentences can be reduced, it said.