Fighting erupted in a Damascus suburb and around an army base in northern Syria yesterday, opposition sources said, as truce marking a Muslim holiday crumbled almost before it had begun.
Three people were killed by tank fire and snipers in Harasta, a town near Damascus, activists said.
The Syrian military had said it would hold fire yesterday morning following an appeal by international mediator Lakhdar Brahimi for a pause in fighting which has killed 32,000 people and which threatens to draw regional powers into the conflict.
However, violations by both sides swiftly marred the truce.
Rebels in a northern town near the Turkish border said a sniper had killed one of their fighters early yesterday and a journalist there heard the sound of four tank rounds.
“We don’t believe the ceasefire will work,” rebel commander Basel Eissa said. “There’s no Eid [‘festival’] for us rebels on the front line. The only Eid we can celebrate will be liberation.”
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said rebels were trying to storm the Wadi al-Daif army base, which is less than 1km from the Damascus-Aleppo highway, and that troops had fired artillery at a nearby village.
Citing opposition activists, the British-based group also said the army had fired six rockets at the besieged Khalidiya district of Homs, wounding two people and damaging houses.
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s forces had announced conditional acceptance of a cease fire on Thursday night.
“On the occasion of the blessed Eid al-Adha, the general command of the army and armed forces announces a halt to military operations on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic, from Friday morning ... until Monday,” the army said.
However, it warned it would respond to any rebel attacks, or moves to exploit the truce to reinforce or resupply insurgents.
A commander from the rebel Free Syrian Army had said his fighters would also honor the ceasefire, but demanded that al-Assad meet opposition demands for the release of thousands of detainees.
Some Islamist fighters, including the Nusra Front, dismissed the truce before it even came into effect, but after a night of clashes in Aleppo, Damascus and the west of the country, activists had reported an initial lull in hostilities.
One exception was the southern town of Inkhil, where three people were wounded as they tried to protest after special prayers in a mosque to mark the start of the Eid, according to Rami Abdulrahman, head of the Syrian Observatory.
Several other demonstrations in the southern province of Daraa, cradle of the protests which erupted against al-Assad in March last year, were also broken up, Abdulrahman said.
Al-Assad himself, who has vowed to defeat what he says are Islamist fighters backed by Syria’s enemies abroad, was shown on state television attending Eid prayers at a Damascus mosque.
Damascus residents said on Thursday night troops stationed on a mountain overlooking Damascus targeted Hajar al-Aswad, a poor district inhabited by refugees from the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. There were no immediate reports of casualties.
“Consecutive artillery volleys from Qasioun shook my home,” said an engineer who lives in al-Muhajereen district on a foothill of the mountain, giving his name only as Omar.
The fighting pits mainly Sunni Muslim rebels against al-Assad, from the minority Alawite sect which is distantly related to Shiite Islam. Brahimi has warned that the conflict could suck in Sunni and Shiite powers across the Middle East.