Three elderly Kenyans tortured by British colonial forces were told they can sue Britain, in a London court judgment likely to encourage other claims dating back to the days of the British Empire.
The government, which had tried for three years to block their legal action, said on Friday it planned to appeal as the judgment could have far-reaching legal implications.
Paulo Nzili, 85, Wambugu Wa Nyingi, 84, and Jane Muthoni Mara, who is about 73, suffered castration, rape and beatings while in detention in the 1950s during a crackdown by British forces and their Kenyan allies on the Mau Mau movement fighting for land and freedom.
The trio want Britain to apologize and to fund welfare benefits for Kenyan victims of torture by colonial forces.
“The people they imprisoned and put in the detention for seven years [resulted in Kenya] losing a generation,” Mau Mau War Veterans Association secretary general Gitu Wa Kahengeri said in Nairobi.
Nearby, about 40 Mau Mau veterans and relatives cheered, hugged and performed a traditional dance in the midday heat when the news came through.
The veterans said British authorities should stop using legal technicalities to fight the case and, instead, negotiate a settlement speedily as the claimants were frail and elderly.
“What could be more despicable, what could be more immoral of Her Majesty’s Government than to bide time simply to wait for all these victims to die one by one before tasting justice,” Paul Muite, a lawyer advising Mau Mau Veterans, said in Nairobi.
Britain had first said that responsibility for events during the Mau Mau uprising passed to Kenya upon its independence in 1963, an argument that London courts rejected.
The government then said the claim was brought long after the legal time limit. However, judge Richard McCombe said in Friday’s judgment there was ample documentary evidence to make a fair trial possible.
The Foreign Office said while it did not dispute that the claimants suffered torture and other ill treatment, it would appeal, because of the judgment’s implications.
The torture took place during the so-called Kenyan “Emergency” of 1952-1961, during which fighters from the Mau Mau movement attacked British targets, causing panic among white settlers and alarming the government in London.