North Korea yesterday launched a rare attack on a Chinese company that had denounced the communist state over a troubled joint venture deal.
It is highly unusual for North Korea to issue any criticism involving Beijing, the sole major ally and economic lifeline for the impoverished country, which is a major recipient of Chinese food and fuel aid.
However, Pyongyang was apparently goaded into reacting after the Xiyang Group, a Chinese mining company, posted a statement on its Web site describing its “nightmare” experience investing in a joint venture iron ore facility in North Korea.
Xiyang said it had invested more than US$37 million in the project, which was eventually suspended after what the Chinese company said were impossible demands by the North Koreans for significant changes to the original contract.
The iron ore plant was put into operation in April last year, but production stopped six months later, after the North had arbitrarily raised land, power, water and labor costs, the company said.
The Xiyang statement was picked up by the Chinese and international media, including newspapers in South Korea.
North Korea hit back yesterday in a statement carried on the official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), insisting that Xiyang was “chiefly” to blame for the project’s collapse.
“It has carried out only 50 percent of its investment obligations though almost four years have past since the contract took effect,” the North’s Commission for Joint Venture and Investment said.
Xiyang Group vice general manager Wu Xisheng said the charge was “unreasonable” and that the company did not invest the full amount because it had become clear that North Korea was violating the contract with the express intention of driving it out.
“This isn’t just about us — it is about all companies investing in North Korea,” Wu said. “They just don’t have the conditions for foreigners to invest. They say they welcome investment, but they don’t have the legal or social foundations.”
He added that North Korea had already agreed to pay compensation of about US$37 million, but 100 days after an agreement was signed, Xiyang still had not received any payment. He said North Korea have since requested a further round of negotiations, which Xiyang had refused.
The row comes as North Korea is seeking to expand trade ties with China to boost its moribund economy.
Jang Song-thaek, the uncle of North Korea’s new leader, Kim Jong-un, visited Beijing last month for high-level talks, which were seen as a precursor to a visit by Pyongyang’s young ruler.
During Jang’s trip the two nations signed agreements aimed at pushing forward the development of special North Korean economic zones near the Chinese border.
The North’s reliance on China has increased as international sanctions over its missile and nuclear programs have strangled its ability to secure international credit and foreign trade.
In Beijing, the Chinese government yesterday refused to be drawn into the row over the Xiyang joint venture, saying only that such contractual problems should be resolved by both sides as they arise.
“The Chinese government always encourages Chinese companies to invest and do business in the DPRK [Democratic People’s Republic of Korea[ and contribute to China-DPRK economic cooperation and trade,” Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei (洪磊) said.