Two men engulfed themselves in flames outside a temple in Lhasa, marking the first time a recent wave of self-immolations to protest Chinese rule has reached the tightly guarded Tibetan capital.
One of the men died and the other was hospitalized after they set themselves on fire on Sunday outside the Jokhang Temple, Xinhua news agency said. The report quoted a local Chinese Communist Party official as blaming the incident on separatist forces.
Xinhua said the men were taken away by authorities within two minutes of setting themselves on fire.
Protests have become rare in remote Tibet and Lhasa in particular because of tight police security that has blanketed the area since anti-government riots erupted in Lhasa in 2008.
There have been at least 34 immolations since March last year to draw attention to China’s restrictions on Buddhism and to call for the return from exile of the Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama. Most have taken place in heavily Tibetan areas of China, but only one had occurred in Tibet itself and none in the capital.
Chinese authorities have confirmed some self-immolations over the past year, but not all.
The twin immolations in the heart of Tibetan capital are certain to embarrass the region’s communist leadership, who have pledged to make social stability and ethnic unity top priorities. That mandate is especially pressing this year as China prepares for a once-a-decade leadership transition in the fall and doesn’t want the occasion undermined.
The immolations are also likely to prompt tough, new restrictions on Tibetan social gatherings and religious activities in Lhasa, as they have elsewhere.
Radio Free Asia reported yesterday that Lhasa was under heavy police and paramilitary guard following the immolations and that the situation was very tense.
Two foreigners working in the Lhasa tourism industry declined to comment on the situation, citing the sensitivity of the issue.
The incident occurred in the open-air Barkhor market near the temple in the center of Lhasa, an area popular with Tibetans and tourists alike.
Xinhua said the immolations were handled quickly and order was restored. It also quoted a senior official with the regional communist government as saying it was a separatist incident.
“They were a continuation of the self-immolations in other Tibetan areas and these acts were all aimed at separating Tibet from China,” Xinhua quoted Hao Peng (郝鵬), secretary of the Commission for Political and Legal Affairs of the CCP Tibet Committee, as saying in a statement on Sunday.
Xinhua identified the man who died as Tobgye Tseten from Xiahe County in Gansu Province and the other man as Dargye, a Tibetan from Aba County in Sichuan Province.
Most of the recent immolations have taken place in Aba, home to Kirti Monastery, which has seen numerous protests against the Chinese government over the past several years. Xiahe is home to the large and influential Labrang Monastery and the Tibetan community there has had sporadic clashes with local authorities.
Xinhua said Dargye was in stable condition and able to speak.
US funded radio broadcaster Voice of America said the two men worked at a Lhasa restaurant called Nyima Ling. It identified one of the men as 19-year-old Dorjee Tseten, but was unable to give the name or age of the other.
“This was the first time it has happened in Lhasa — and right in the middle of Lhasa,” said Tenzin Tsundue, a Tibetan poet and one of the most prominent activists living in India.