Pakistan blocked social networking Web site Twitter for several hours because it refused to remove tweets considered offensive to Islam, one of the country’s top telecommunications officials said.
The tweets were promoting a competition on Facebook to post images of Islam’s Prophet Muhammad, said Mohammad Yaseen, chairman of the Pakistan Telecommunication’s Authority. Many Muslims regard depictions of the prophet, even favorable ones, as blasphemous.
The government restored access to Twitter before midnight on Sunday, about eight hours after it initially blocked access, possibly because of public criticism it received for its censorship.
Twitter spokesman Gabriel Stricker said the company had not taken down any tweets or made any other changes before Pakistan stopped blocking the site.
Yaseen said on Sunday afternoon that Pakistan’s Ministry of Information Technology had ordered the telecommunications authority to block Twitter because the company refused to remove the offending tweets.
The ministry informed Yaseen to restore access to Twitter on Sunday evening, but he did not know what led to the decision.
Yaseen said Facebook had agreed to address Pakistan’s concern about the competition.
Facebook confirmed in a written statement that it had blocked access to the content in Pakistan. The site noted that it occasionally restricts content when it is illegal or offensive out of respect for local laws and culture.
A top court in Pakistan ordered a ban on Facebook in 2010 amid anger over a similar competition. The ban was lifted about two weeks later, after Facebook blocked the particular page in Pakistan. The Pakistani government said at the time that it would continue to monitor other major Web sites for anti-Islamic links and content.
Even when Twitter was blocked on Sunday, many people based in Pakistan continued to use the Web site by employing programs that disguise the user’s location. There was widespread criticism of the government’s action by those on Twitter, who tend to be more liberal than average Pakistanis.
“Another cheap moral stunt by Pakistan,” tweeted liberal Pakistani columnist Nadeem Paracha.
The 2010 Facebook controversy sparked many in Pakistan’s liberal elite to question why Pakistanis could not be entrusted to decide for themselves whether or not to look at a Web site.
Some observers noted that Pakistan had gone further than other Muslim countries by banning Facebook, and said it showed the rise of conservative Islam in the country.