Sri Lanka’s president has ordered authorities to free the country’s jailed former army chief, a man credited with ending the country’s long civil war, but who later was imprisoned after challenging the president in elections.
Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa signed papers ordering the release of former army chief Sarath Fonseka and handed them over to his chief of staff on Saturday before embarking on an official visit to Qatar, Sri Lankan presidential spokesman Bandula Jayasekara said yesterday.
The papers will be sent to the Sri Lankan Ministry of Justice today, Jayasekara said.
Rajapaksa’s move came after Sri Lankan Foreign Minister G.L. Peiris met with US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on Friday in Washington, with the protection of human rights highlighted in their meeting.
The US has called Fonseka a political prisoner.
Fonseka is serving a 30-month jail term after a court-martial found him guilty of planning his political career while still in the military and of committing fraud in purchasing military equipment.
Separately, in November last year, he was sentenced to an additional three-year prison term for implicating the president’s brother, Sri Lankan Minister of Defense Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, in war crimes during Sri Lanka’s civil war. He has appealed that conviction.
Fonseka has said the cases are a political vendetta launched to persecute him for daring to run against Rajapaksa in the 2010 election. The government has denied any political motive for the legal action.
The details of Fonseka’s release — including when he will be freed and whether the release applies to all his cases — were not immediately clear.
According to Sri Lankan law, a person convicted of a crime and sentenced to at least two years in jail cannot contest elections for seven years if he has already served at least six months of the sentence. A full presidential pardon could restore those rights to Fonseka, who has served about 20 months of his 30-month term.
Government spokesmen over the past few days have been hinting that Fonseka will be given a full pardon. Rajapaksa also got approval from his Cabinet for Fonseka’s release, according to a government Web site.
Fonseka was hailed as a war hero in 2009 after he led Sri Lanka’s army to victory in its 26-year civil war with separatist Tamil Tiger rebels, and both he and Rajapaksa were immensely popular among the Sinhalese majority for defeating a rebel group that had seemed invincible for decades.
However, the two men had a falling out months after the war ended, and their relationship deteriorated further after the general challenged Rajapaksa in the Jan. 26, 2010, election. Fonseka was arrested about two weeks later.
Later that year, a court-martial convicted him and stripped him of his title, medals, pension and other honors, and dishonorably discharged him from the army.
While in detention, Fonseka won a parliamentary seat on the opposition ticket in April 2010, but he was disqualified from holding office after the court-martial.
During her meeting with Peiris on Friday, Clinton discussed a range of topics, including accountability issues in the island nation’s civil war and ethnic reconciliation.
Clinton “also stressed ... the importance of protection of human rights,” US Department of State spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said.