Militias from rival towns in western Libya battled each other with tanks and artillery on Tuesday in fierce fighting that killed at least 22 people, local officials said.
The clashes erupted over the weekend between the Arab-majority town of Ragdalein and the Berber-dominated town of Zwara, about 110km west of the capital Tripoli. The violence is fueled by deep-rooted animosity between the neighbors, who took different sides in Libya’s civil war that toppled slain Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi last year.
The fighting is the latest in a series of local rivalries that threaten to divide Libya along tribal and regional lines. Libya’s new leaders, who took power after Qaddafi’s capture and killing in October last year, have struggled to stamp their authority on the country and rein in the myriad armed groups that helped defeat the dictator’s forces, but have refused to disarm.
In Tuesday’s clashes, local Ragdalein official Rami Kaanan said 17 fighters and town residents were killed, including two women and one infant. The infant was killed when a rocket fell on his home, collapsing the ceiling, Kaanan said.
Zwara spokesperson Adel Kashbour said five people from his side were killed and 49 wounded.
“The fighting continues. Two rockets landed in the city, killing two young men,” Kashbour said of the most recent deaths.
The clashes first began on Sunday after fighters from Ragdalein said they took 34 men from the Zwara brigade hostage to avenge what Ragdalein forces said were months of abuse, including the looting of property.
The hostages were released on Monday after mediation, but the ceasefire quickly collapsed.
Libyan Prime Minister Abdurrahim el-Keib said he, along with his defense minister and chief of staff, met with elders from Zwara on Tuesday and will later meet with tribal leaders from Ragdalein to discuss a ceasefire and reconciliation.
“We will send forces from the defense and interior ministries to resolve the issue, stop both sides and be in the middle to quell the violence,” el-Keib said. “I am very optimistic.”
The Libyan Interior Ministry dispatched police forces to the towns on Monday to quell the violence, but they were overpowered by the heavily armed local militias.
“We have no ability to stop them except through negotiations. We think the Defense Ministry is better equipped for this job because we are equipped with light weapons,” Libyan Interior Minister Fawzi Abdul-Al said in Tripoli.
Last week, National Transitional Council Chairman Mustafa Abdul-Jalil told a reporter his government has failed to act quickly enough to restore stability.
The conflict between the towns is one of many local rivalries stemming from Qaddafi’s 40 years of divide-and-rule policies and Libya’s eight-month civil war. Fighting in the remote desert oasis of Sabha between Arab tribes and an anti-Qaddafi African tribe killed about 150 people and left hundreds displaced last week.
Zwara, a town of 45,000 people, is less than 10km from Ragdalein, which is twice as large.
Zwara residents were quick to join the uprising last year that led to Qaddafi’s capture and slaying. The Berber tribe there complained of discrimination under Qaddafi, including neglect and a ban from high-level posts.