Spaniards yesterday launched a 24-hour general strike and took to the streets in anger over labor reforms at a time of recession, austerity cuts and soaring unemployment.
Carrying placards reading “Work Reform, No,” unions picketed businesses, wholesale markets, industry, banks and public transport hubs and police deployed in heavy numbers.
It was the first strike to challenge Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, who was sworn in 100 days earlier vowing to cut Spain’s 23 percent unemployment rate and fix its faltering finances.
Workers walked out a day before ministers adopt this year’s budget set to axe tens of billions of euros more in spending, adding to cuts that have already squeezed public services.
Spain’s major CCOO and UGT unions called the strike over the right-leaning government’s Feb. 11 labor reform making it cheaper to lay off staff and easier to cut salaries.
They plan popular protests in 100 towns and cities.
Minimum service agreements kept schools and hospitals open, ensured 20 to 30 percent of trains and buses ran, and allowed some planes to stay aloft despite Iberia, Air Nostrum and Vueling canceling two-thirds of flights.
Participation was reportedly patchy.
Spanish interior ministry policy chief Cristina Diaz said fewer people took part than in the last general strike in September 2010, with near normal activity in many banks, supermarkets and offices. However, unions reported heavy participation, including in some industries, such as car production.
One measure of the impact — electricity usage — was about 16 percent below normal by late morning, according to the national network Red Electrica de Espana.
Police arrested 58 people and six police and three strikers were lightly injured in minor incidents in the morning, the ministry said.
One policeman hit a protester with his baton, cutting the activist above his eyebrow as he and others tried to stop buses leaving a station in Carabanchel, southern Madrid, a photojournalist said.
At one union rally in Madrid, hemmed in by police, 57-year-old Antonio Rodriguez said he had been laid off 10 days ago after 38 years working in a graphics design business that shut down.
“So you can have an idea of why we are here, I can tell you that I calculate I will be left with about 700 euros [US$930] a month until I die. And that’s after 38 years,” he said.
The Popular Party government says the new labor law is needed to attack Spain’s 22.85 percent jobless rate, which it predicts will rise to 24.3 percent this year as another 630,000 people lose their jobs.
However, unions say the economy, not the law, is to blame for Spain’s employment woes.
“I can understand why they strike. The reform is just to fire people more easily and more cheaply,” said Pedro Moreno, who works at a large supermarket in the Madrid suburbs.