Very little was left standing in the Japanese city of Rikuzentakata after a huge tsunami tore through nearly a year ago. Even the -centuries-old pine forest by the sea that had long been a symbol of the city was obliterated.
Amidst the destruction that killed about one in 12 of the city’s residents, one lonely pine tree out of more than 60,000 has clung to life along the ravaged coast. It has also come to embody residents’ hopes for renewal.
“We didn’t have any hope at the time. So even having one survive really was like having a beam of light shining through the darkness,” said 47-year-old Seiko Handa.
However, now the 250-year-old pine tree is dying, a victim of the salt water left in the ground by the tsunami.
“Even towards the beginning we in charge of the tree were worried that it would indeed die off,” said Kazunari Takahashi, an official at the city’s Forest, Fisheries and Agricultural Department.
Originally planted as a windbreak to keep salt and sand from blowing in from the sea and wreaking havoc in the fields, the rows of pines known as Takata-Matsubara stretched along 2km of beach and were one of the most famous sites of northern Japan.
However, the nearly 10m high wall of water that roared in after a magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck offshore on March 11 last year obliterated even the land where the forest had stood, along with more than 3,000 buildings in the city.
Nearly 2,000 people were killed in Rikuzentakata. In all, about 25,000 people perished in northeast Japan.
Now, city officials have abandoned hope of keeping the tree alive.
There has been talk of preserving it where it stands, even if it were to die, as a memorial but that could cost up to ￥300 million (US$3.7 million) and looks unlikely to happen given the need for much more pressing reconstruction work.
The tree’s expected demise has set off a flurry of efforts to save at least part of it for future generations.
“We took a small graft from the tree and used that as one method to help keep the tree’s heritage alive,” Takahashi said. “We also gathered up the pine cones attached to the tree and the few remaining seeds to raise its successors.”
Using those seeds, a company has managed to raise some saplings which city officials hope to one day use to plant a new forest.
No matter what, the tree will live on symbolically on the face of commemorative coins the government will issue to investors who buy special bonds to raise funds for reconstruction.
The ￥1,000 and ￥10,000 coins will feature an image of the tree with doves flying above it.
“We decided to use this design in the hope of recovery for east Japan, as it has doves flying above a symbol of one of the places that was damaged,” Japanese Finance Minister Jun Azumi said when announcing the new coins.
The Rikuzentakata pine is not the only botanical symbol of rebirth along the swathe of coast devastated by the tsunami.
Just to the south, in the hard-hit city of Kesennuma, one pine tree has begun to grow through cracked concrete.
Pushing its way up besides destroyed buildings and not far from the site of another pine forest that was washed away, the sapling has attracted much attention as it forces its way up toward the sky.
“It’s still pretty small but it’s doing its best,” said resident Katsushi Sato. “I’d have to say it’s somehow kind of encouraging.”