A visit to Iran by UN inspectors probing the country’s suspected nuclear weapons activities failed to achieve a breakthrough, with Tehran denying access to a key military site, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said yesterday.
“Intensive efforts were made to reach agreement on a document facilitating the clarification of unresolved issues in connection with Iran’s nuclear program,” the IAEA said in a statement. “Unfortunately, agreement was not reached on this document.”
The team requested access both during this month’s visit and during a first trip late last month to the Parchin military site, near Tehran, where it believes explosives testing has been carried out, but Iran “did not grant permission,” it said.
“It is disappointing that Iran did not accept our request to visit Parchin during the first or second meetings,” IAEA director-general Yukiya Amano said in the statement. “We engaged in a constructive spirit, but no agreement was reached.”
The statement gave no further details and did not say whether another visit was planned.
Iran’s envoy to the IAEA, Ali Asghar Soltanieh, was quoted by Iranian news agency ISNA as saying the talks had been intensive and covered “cooperation and mutual understanding between Iran and the IAEA.”
“These negotiations will continue in the future,” Soltanieh said.
The high-ranking IAEA team led by Herman Nackaerts, the Vienna-based agency’s Belgian chief inspector and its Argentine No. 2 Rafael Grossi, was scheduled to arrive back in Vienna later yesterday.
The visit was aimed, the IAEA had said, at clarifying all “outstanding substantive issues” surrounding Tehran’s nuclear program, in particular what it called “possible military dimensions.”
The trip was also seen as an important precursor to a possible resumption of talks between Iran and the United States, China, Russia, France, the UK and Germany, which broke down in Turkey 13 months ago.
Mark Hibbs, analyst at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said before the visit that it represented “a last chance for Iran to make a significant gesture.”
A watershed report from the IAEA in November said that Iran had carried out activities in a number of areas “relevant to producing” a nuclear weapon.
The report said that its information suggested that Iran tested in “a large ... containment vessel” at Parchin high explosives in experiments thought to be relevant to designing a ballistic missile payload.
Since the report’s publication, the US and the EU have ramped up sanctions on Iran’s oil sector, and speculation has grown that Iran’s archrival Israel might launch air strikes, possibly even this year.
Iran has threatened to close the Strait of Hormuz, has announced the halt of oil sales to the UK and France — sending the price of oil soaring — and has defiantly trumpeted advances in its nuclear program.
Iran, whose economy has been hit hard by the recent ramping up of sanctions, denies wanting nuclear weapons, insisting its program, including the enrichment of uranium, is for producing energy and treating cancer patients.
The UN Security Council has imposed four rounds of sanctions on Iran because of Tehran’s repeated failure to declare nuclear sites and materials to the IAEA, calling on it to suspend uranium enrichment.
The IAEA delegation’s findings are likely to be included in a report by Amano expected to be circulated to diplomats in Vienna later this week, which will be presented to the IAEA’s 35-nation board of governors on March 5.