The entire police force in the major Gulf coast port city of Veracruz was dissolved on Wednesday, and Mexican officials sent the navy in to patrol.
The Veracruz State Government said the decision was part of an effort to root out police corruption and start from zero in the state’s largest city.
Veracruz spokeswoman Gina Dominguez said 800 police officers and 300 administrative employees were laid off.
At a press conference, she said they could apply for jobs in a state police force, but must meet stricter standards for an agency with officers “who are better trained and more committed and who can deliver under our current security circumstances.”
Armed marines barricaded police headquarters on Wednesday and Navy helicopters were flying above the city where 35 bodies were dumped in September. It was one of the worst gang attacks of Mexico’s drug war.
The change was agreed upon on Monday by Veracruz State Governor Javier Duarte and Mexican Interior Secretary Alejandro Poire.
Mexico’s army has taken over police operations several times before, notably in the border city of Ciudad Juarez and the border state of Tamaulipas. However, Veracruz is the first state to completely disband a large police department and use marines as law enforcers. There are about 2,400 marines in Veracruz.
Dominguez said the navy operations would last only until the state can train more of its own police. Duarte already had disbanded a police force in the state’s capital of Xalapa, but in that case, state agents immediately replaced city police.
Mexican President Felipe Calderon has pushed an ambitious process for vetting all of Mexico’s 460,000 police officers. His administration allocated US$331 million for 200 cities to train and re-equip municipal police forces.
Governors have complained they lack the resources to ensure their police forces are clean.
Veracruz is a common route for drugs and migrants coming from the south. It was first dominated by the Gulf Cartel, and then its former armed wing, the Zetas, took over after the two split. The state saw a rise in crime this spring after a government offensive in neighboring Tamaulipas scared drug criminals away to Veracruz.
However, the dumping of the 35 bodies shocked Mexico as it turned the port into a battleground between the Zetas and a gang aligned with the Sinaloa Cartel.