Fri, Dec 16, 2011 - Page 7 News List

Doctors separate conjoined twins in Chilean capital

COMPLEX SURGERY:The twins presented a difficult challenge because they shared many of the same internal organs and even the same urinary system

AP, SANTIAGO

Chilean doctors successfully separated conjoined twin girls in a marathon 20-hour surgery, saying on Wednesday that the operation went extremely well, despite challenges.

Ten-month-old twins Maria Paz and Maria Jose were recovering in an intensive care unit and doctors said the next two days would be critical as they watch for infections or other possible complications.

Parents Jessica Navarrete and Roberto Paredes kept an anxious vigil at Luis Calvo Mackenna Hospital in Santiago as doctors separated the twins at the thorax, stomach and pelvis. It was the seventh and most complex operation yet for the twins.

Doctors said the twins were successfully separated late on Tuesday night.

Chief surgeon Francisco Ossandon described it as the moment “the girls finished the process of being born.”

“Before, they had two souls and one body,” Ossandon said.

Surgery on one of the twins was completed early on Wednesday after a total of 19 hours, while for the other it took more than 20 hours.

“We had a number of difficulties during the surgery. There were some surprises, but we were able to fix, solve the problems,” Ossandon said at a press conference.

He added that the twins came out of the surgery in good condition, but Ossandon did not rule out future complications involving the effects from anesthesia and possible infections.

“We’re very happy because we think they’ve had the best evolution we could have hoped for,” he said.

The girls’ parents appeared in televised images as they kissed the twins before the operation. Then afterwards, the mother and father gazed lovingly at the sleeping girls from beside their separate cribs in the intensive care unit.

Some Chilean television stations occasionally broke into their regular programming to broadcast updates from the doctors, both during and after the delicate surgery.

Navarrete said she was waiting for a miracle from God when the high-risk operation began on Tuesday morning.

The Chilean twins presented a particularly difficult challenge because they were born sharing many of the same internal organs and even the same urinary system. About 100 people participated in the procedure, including 25 surgeons and anesthesiologists.

Perhaps providing some comfort to the parents was the hospital’s history with conjoined twins. Staff there have separated three sets before, but a fourth set died during surgery because of cardiac complications.

According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, one out of every 200,000 live births worldwide results in conjoined twins. About 35 percent survive only one day, while the overall survival rate is between 5 percent and 25 percent.

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