Fri, Dec 16, 2011 - Page 6 News List

France rocked by defective implant scandal

The Guardian, PARIS

In a crowd of angry women shouting “We want justice!” outside the French health ministry, an ashen-faced factory worker hugged her anorak around her and fought back tears. Too shy to give her name, she didn’t fit the stereotype too often slapped on the victims of France’s biggest plastic-surgery scandal in decades.

Tens of thousands of women complain that their lives are a living hell after being given faulty cheap implants made not from medical silicone, but industrial silicone normally used for computer parts or the electronics industry.

“I’ve always suffered from depression and mental-health problems linked to body image,” the 48-year-old from Normandy said. “I earn 1,000 euros [US1,300] a month in a factory. I couldn’t afford breast surgery until my late 40s. But after the implants I felt better, I came off the antidepressants, I was able to face work. Then I find out the implants are poison. The tests say they’re still in place, but I’m having them removed anyway. I’m terrified they’ll rupture or explode at any moment.”

“I try to sleep on my back, if I sleep at all. Some people try to avoid extreme physical exercise for fear of damaging the implants, but I do hard labor on a factory line,” she said. “I go to bed feeling bad, I wake up feeling bad. It’s like living with a ticking bomb inside you.”

Over the past 10 years more than 30,000 women in France, and thousands of others in countries including Spain and the UK, had breast augmentation with what have turned out to be potentially defective implants in what is now described as a cosmetic surgery horror story. The scandal has sent panic through France’s vast plastic surgery industry.

The company, Poly Implant Prosthesis (PIP), based in the south of France, was one of the world’s leaders in silicone implant production until last year when it was found to have been cutting corners and saving an estimated 1 billion euros a year by using industrial silicone instead of medical-grade fillers in their breast implants.

The casing around the filling was also faulty and prone to rupture or leakage. The company has closed and more than 2,000 women have filed legal complaints. A judicial investigation has begun for involuntary homicide over a woman who died from cancer.

The French government recently identified four known cases of cancer in women who have had the implants, two of whom have died, although they have not established a link between the implants and cancer.

However, French women who had PIP implants staged their first street demonstration outside the French health ministry on Wednesday, saying the state had not done enough. They believe the government should pay for all implant removals.

“We’re sick of being dismissed as bimbos,” said one woman in the crowd who had PIP implants after breast removal from cancer.

Many said they felt dismissed as vain or had themselves to blame. Most were on low incomes, had taken out loans for the initial surgery and were struggling to pay for removals.

France’s cosmetics and plastic surgery industry is among the biggest in Europe. Between 400,000 and 500,000 women in France have breast implants.

A study in 2009 found that although French women are the slimmest in Western Europe, they also have the biggest complexes about their bodies and the toughest standards on weight.

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