A Liberian rights campaigner, the Liberian president and a Yemeni activist received the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo on Saturday for their work for peace and women’s rights.
“You represent one of the most important motive forces for change in today’s world: the struggle for human rights in general and the struggle of women for equality and peace in particular,” Norwegian Nobel Committee president Thorbjoern Jagland said before handing out the prestigious award.
Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian “peace warrior” Leymah Gbowee and Yemen’s “Arab Spring” activist Tawakkol Karman were honored at a lavish ceremony in Oslo’s city hall.
They received their gold medals and diplomas before an audience of dignitaries who included members of Norway’s royal family.
Jagland said the laureates’ work should serve as a warning to autocratic leaders such as those in Syria and Yemen.
“The leaders in Yemen and Syria, who murder their people to retain their own power, should take note of the following: Mankind’s quest for freedom and human rights can never stop,” Jagland said.
Karman, who at 32 is the youngest person to win the Peace Prize and the first Arab woman to receive a Nobel in any category, voiced unwavering optimism that the “Arab Spring” uprisings would succeed using peaceful means.
“People can attain all their goals ... by peace. You can’t take down a dictatorship without peace,” she said after the prize ceremony. “If they start with violence, they will end with violence.”
The journalist and mother-of-three was instrumental in helping to push 33-year-ruler Ali Abdullah Saleh to agree to step down early next year.
However, in her acceptance speech, Karman expressed frustration at the lack of Western support for the Yemen uprising.
“This should haunt the world’s conscience because it challenges the very idea of fairness and justice,” she said.
She also deplored the lack of efforts to prosecute Saleh — who only agreed to leave once promised immunity — or to prosecute those responsible for the hundreds who have died in the Yemen rebellion.
“There should be no immunity for killers who rob the food of the people,” she said.
Gbowee, a 39-year-old social worker who led Liberia’s women to defy feared warlords and bring an end to her country’s bloody 1989 to 2003 civil war, hailed the Nobel Committee for honoring their struggle.
“This prize could not have come at a better time than this; a time when global and community conversations are about how local community members and unarmed civilians can help turn our upside-down World, right-side up,” Gbowee said. “It has come at a time when unarmed citizens — men and women, boys and girls — are challenging dictatorships and ushering in democracy and the sovereignty of people.”
“It has come at a time when in many societies where women used to be the silent victims and objects of men’s powers, women are throwing down the walls of repressive traditions with the invincible power of non-violence,” she said. “Women are using their broken bodies from hunger, poverty, desperation and destitution to stare down the barrel of the gun.”
“This prize has come at a time when ordinary mothers are no longer begging for peace, but demanding peace, justice, equality and inclusion in political decision-making.” Gbowee said.
Gbowee, a mother of six, inspired Christian and Muslim women alike to wage a sex strike in 2002. They refused to sleep with their husbands until the violence ended.