Mon, Oct 10, 2011 - Page 4 News List

Work is like play for GIs in Afghanistan

CONCERNS:Manufacturers have made weapon systems operator-friendly by designing PlayStation-like controls. A soldier says it is ‘the dehumanization of the enemy’

AFP, COMBAT OUTPOST MONTI, AFGHANISTAN

US army soldiers play a video game at the United Service Organization center at Kandahar Air Field near Kandahar, Afghanistan, on Oct. 16 last year.

Photo: AFP

In battle they take out Taliban fighters with joystick-controlled weapons, while back at base US soldiers hook up their Xboxes and kill their way through video games.

In Afghanistan, on and off-duty activities have become strikingly similar for US troops, as 21-year-old Specialist Tyler Sandusky can attest. Out on missions in the rugged northeastern province of Kunar, Sandusky locates distant targets — day or night — with remarkable clarity on a video screen within a giant armored truck.

“It’s pretty fun watching people. They’re so far away and they don’t know you’re watching,” he said as he demonstrated a system known as the CROWS (Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station). “It does feel like a game when you’re driving along.”

Perched atop the vehicle is a .50 calibre machine gun with a firing range of more than 6.7km, which Sandusky operates through his screen and a joystick trigger to the right of his seat.

“You see a red mist and then you know they’re down,” he said.

Back at Combat Outpost Monti, troops drew parallels between the CROWS system and one of their favorite pastimes.

“A lot of guys compare it to Call of Duty,” said Sergeant John Henington, referring to the graphic video game franchise set in various battle zones. “We play that game most of the day when we’re not doing anything.”

Technology has changed the lives of US soldiers immeasurably since the Vietnam War. No matter how remote their deployments, troops can watch TV on laptops, shop online and message their loved ones back home through Facebook and Skype.

The changes may make life more comfortable in a war zone, but the evolution of weapons has brought with it ethical concerns.

“It’s the dehumanization of the enemy,” Specialist Sean McCabe, 22, said. “We are the video game generation, so it’s easy with the CROWS system to put it in a video game.”

The similarity is no coincidence, according to Deane-Peter Baker, a philosophy professor at the US Naval Academy.

“Manufacturers of systems like this have deliberately sought to make their operation user-friendly” by designing Xbox and PlayStation-like controls familiar to young soldiers, he said.

CROWS, in place in a number of US army trucks, significantly boosts troops’ safety by removing the need for a gunner poking out of the vehicle.

“Imagine what it must be like to have half of your body sticking out of the top of a Humvee while bullets are flying in every direction,” Baker said. “Even the coolest head would have difficulty in being as precise and discriminating with his or her fire under those conditions.”

The debate over technological advances is fiercest on the subject of drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles, whose use US President Barack Obama’s administration has escalated dramatically against Taliban and al-Qaeda safe havens in Pakistan.

While studies vary, public policy institute the New America Foundation says drones have killed between 1,667 and 2,614 people in Pakistan since 2004, 20 percent of whom were civilians.

At least partly because of Pakistan’s official opposition to the attacks, the program remains covert, and the identities of those targeted and killed are rarely revealed by US officials.

Drones can also enhance intelligence gathering by hovering over a target for up to 24 hours, said Peter Singer, author of a book on robotic weapons, Wired for War.

This story has been viewed 4064 times.

Comments will be moderated. Keep comments relevant to the article. Remarks containing abusive and obscene language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be removed and the user banned. Final decision will be at the discretion of the Taipei Times.

TOP top