South Korean President Lee Myung-bak said yesterday he had high hopes for the first inter-Korean talks in months, marking a significant softening in tone and holding out the possibility of a summit with North Korea.
Tension has eased on the divided peninsula since the two Koreas last month agreed to talks about the bombardment of a South Korean island by the North in November, as well the sinking of a South Korean warship in March last year. The two attacks killed 50 people.
“I don’t deny it,” Lee said when asked during a television interview if progress at upcoming talks could possibly lead to a summit. “We can have a summit if needed.”
The North and South have only held two summits, in 2000 and 2007.
Regional powers have nudged the rivals, still technically at war having signed a truce rather than a peace treaty to end the 1950-1953 Korean War, back to the negotiating table to try to defuse the crisis and pave the way for the resumption of stalled aid-for-disarmament talks.
The two sides agreed yesterday to hold preliminary military talks at the border on Tuesday next week to set the agenda for higher-level talks, possibly at the ministerial level.
Next week’s colonel-level talks at the Panmunjom truce village will be the first dialogue between the two Koreas since last September.
“We plan to start working-level dialogue and test North Korea’s seriousness,” Lee said. “Whether it is the six-party talks or South-North talks, North Korea must first change its position.”
North Korea walked out of the so-called six-party talks, that included South Korea, the US, Japan, Russia and China, aimed at getting it to give up its nuclear weapons program, in late 2008.
Lee cut off a decade of unconditional aid to the North when he took office that year, angering Pyongyang, and he has demanded the isolated neighbor end its nuclear programs if it wanted Seoul to get back to commercial exchange and giving aid.
Lee said he had high expectations that the North would abandon the path it had taken in the past of staging hostile acts to raise tension, then seeking dialogue with the wealthy South to win concessions.
“I believe this is a good opportunity for the North, that it is engaging in dialogue with the South at this point,” he said. “I have high expectations that [the North will realize] it is time for change.”
Lee’s conciliatory tone and the North’s appeals for talks mark a significant shift from the warlike rhetoric bandied between the neighbors at the end of last year.
The two Koreas have agreed to discuss the Yeonpyeong island attack and the sinking of the South’s warship, which Seoul has blamed on the North.