CBGB, the birthplace of punk rock, is gone. No longer can visitors to Coney Island plunk down a few coins to play the unsettling attraction called “Shoot the Freak.” And seedy, edgy, anything-might--happen Times Square? These days, it’s a family destination.
It continues: That diner on the corner for decades — closed. The beer garden down the street — now a Starbucks. The block once home to clusters of independent businesses — thriving as a super store.
And last month, another piece of the old New York slipped away with the demise of the city’s Off-Track Betting parlors. It’s enough to make old-school New Yorkers bristle.
Around countless corners, the weird, unexpected, edgy New York — the town that so many looked to for so long as a relief from cookie-cutter America — has evolved into something else entirely: tamed, prepackaged, even predictable.
“What draws people to New York is its uniqueness. So when something goes, people feel sad about it,” says Suzanne Wasserman, director of the Gotham Center for New York City History at the City University of New York.
“I think that’s also part of the New York character,” she says, “that ‘Things were better when ...’”
Change is constant and few cities change faster than New York, but at what cost? Where is the line between progress and lost distinctiveness?
Raul Alvarado, a 70-year-old retired accountant, recently lost a piece of what made New York City special to him when the Off-Track Betting (OTB) parlors closed.
No more smoke-filled entryways. No more Racing Forms blowing around the sidewalk. No more eruptions of cheers to make passers-by jump.
Launched in 1971, OTB was meant to undercut illegal bookies. It became the nation’s largest betting operation, but was derided as dingy and seedy and drew loitering and littering complaints. The management gained a reputation for loose oversight and political patronage and OTB was shut down last month after years of financial troubles.
“I’ve been playing horses for what, 30 years, maybe? It’s part of your day,” Alvarado said, closing out his account at a Manhattan parlor. “It’s a little piece of the Apple.”
The debate, of course, is a legitimate and basic one — edgy vs safe, energizing vs prepackaged. For every argument about New York’s lost pizazz, there’s another about how now you can take your toddler’s stroller around most of Manhattan and not be afraid of what might happen.
Still, many say there’s just something about the energy of New York City — about more than 8 million people crowded into a few cramped patches of land — that will always make it something special.
“There’s a pace that exists here,” says Paul Birkett, a tourist from Darby, England, visiting the city with his wife.
For him, it’s about the people.
“You can change the surroundings, the infrastructure, but what I’ve always liked about New York is the New Yorker, and that’s always pretty much going to be the same,” he said.
The couple was standing amid the hustle and bustle of Times Square, the most visible example of how New York City has changed in the recent past — particularly under former New York mayor Rudy Giuliani in the 1990s.
Now filled with massive signs of back-lit plastic, big-name stores and casual dining, Times Square has come a long way from its days as a “GIRLS! GIRLS! GIRLS!” haven for peep shows, sex shops, drug dealers and squeegee men.