Argentina and Uruguay said on Monday they were joining Brazil in recognizing an independent Palestinian state, earning praise from Palestinian officials but an immediate sharp rebuke from Israel.
Israel called the announcement by Buenos Aires “regrettable” and said it went against an Israeli--Palestinian agreement that such a state should only be recognized with Israeli approval.
The comments echoed criticism Israel made after Brazil started the South American movement on Friday last week by saying it recognized a Palestinian state based on 1967 borders, before the Six-Day War in which Israel seized Gaza and the West Bank.
However, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, on a visit to Turkey, expressed his “pride” over the decision by Buenos Aires, according to an official statement.
His foreign minister, Riad al-Malki, told reporters the Palestinians had expected that Paraguay and other Latin American countries would make “similar decisions.”
“The Argentine government recognizes Palestine as a free and independent state within the borders defined in 1967,” Argentine Foreign Minister Hector Timerman said, reading a letter sent by Argentine President Cristina Kirchner to Abbas.
Timerman said the move reflected a general consensus among members of Mercosur, the South American trade bloc.
Uruguay announced soon afterward it would recognize a Palestinian state next year.
“Uruguay will surely follow the same path as Argentina in 2011,” Uruguayan Deputy Foreign Minister Roberto Conde told reporters. “We are working toward opening a diplomatic representation in Palestine, most likely in Ramallah.”
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay all make up Mercosur. Venezuela’s membership is pending.
The decision to recognize a Palestinian state stems from a “deep desire to see a definitive advance in the negotiation process leading to the establishment of a just and durable peace in the Middle East,” Timerman said.
However, Israeli foreign ministry spokesman Yigal Palmor said: “This regrettable decision will not help at all to change the situation between Israel and the Palestinians.”
Israel has already reacted with “sadness and disappointment” to Brazil’s declaration on the issue, saying it breached a 1995 agreement it had with the Palestinian Authority that any Palestinian state should only come about through mutual negotiations.
US lawmakers have also condemned Brazil’s decision as “severely misguided” and “regrettable.”
Western countries have agreed that any definition of a Palestinian state required Israeli approval. The US has consistently protected Israel’s position at the UN Security Council.
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who had sought a mediator role in the Israeli-Palestinian situation, made his announcement shortly before he is scheduled to stand down on Jan. 1.
His protegee and former Cabinet chief, Dilma Rousseff, has been elected to take over the reins of power. She has pledged to pursue his policies.
Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay made their announcements as peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians teeter on the brink of collapse following the end of the temporary ban on Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said on Monday he did “not see any reason” to extend the settlement freeze.
Abbas has said the Palestinian side will not return to negotiations while Israel continues to build on land the Palestinians want for their state.