Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard retained power by a tiny, one-seat majority yesterday after winning the backing of two key independent members of parliament (MPs) following inconclusive polls.
The country’s first woman leader, who took power in a party revolt just 10 weeks ago, scraped over the line to form a fragile minority government with support from the “kingmakers,” after 17 days of frantic negotiations.
“I will ... give confidence and supply to government, and in effect that means confidence and supply in Julia Gillard,” said independent Rob Oakeshott, the last MP to declare his support.
“Unless, and I emphasise unless, exceptional circumstances determine otherwise,” he added, warning he could vote against Gillard’s Labor Party in the event of any maladministration or corruption.
In a day of high drama, Oakeshott and Tony Windsor both backed Gillard while a third “kingmaker,” cowboy hat-wearing maverick Bob Katter, broke from their informal grouping to support conservative leader Tony Abbott.
The nail-biting climax caps more than two weeks of furious horse-trading after Aug. 21 elections produced the first hung parliament in 70 years, extending a period of unusual political upheaval.
Gillard ended with 76 seats in the 150-seat parliament, with Abbott’s Liberal/National coalition on 74, the closest possible margin.
“It’s like a [Aussie rules] football match that’s decided by one point. I think the loser is unlucky and the winner is very lucky,” said Australian National University political scientist John Warhurst. “It could have gone either way, in the end I suppose it still could have gone either way right up to the very end.”
Gillard staged a shock party revolt against elected, former prime minister Kevin Rudd in June and announced polls just three weeks later, hoping to ride a wave of public support.
However, her anticipated honeymoon period failed to materialize as many voters rejected both main parties and turned to the environment-focused Greens, which enjoyed a record ballot share.
The knife-edge campaign, election and its aftermath have kept Australia’s government in limbo for nearly two months, in the worst political crisis since the queen’s representative sacked an elected prime minister in 1975.
The kingmakers had given few signals of which way they would fall, leaving Australia’s political and media establishment on tenterhooks.
The negotiations moved up a gear in the past 24 hours with Oakeshott meeting Abbott six times on Monday and receiving a package from one of the leaders early yesterday — while he was in the toilet.
“Quite frankly I was in the toilet when the other one dropped into my office and dropped some paperwork off,” Oakeshott said.
The obscure independents, suddenly handed a starring role in the political drama, on Monday announced parliamentary reforms agreed by both sides including having an independent speaker, rather than a member of the ruling party.
Both Oakeshott and Windsor said their main priority was picking the side most likely to provide a stable government capable of seeing out its three-year term and strongly backed Labor plans for a national broadband network.