Thailand’s fugitive former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra now has a Nicaraguan passport, complicating efforts to extradite him as Thai authorities yesterday pressed ahead with a search for his supporters accused of leading violent riots in Bangkok.
The Nicaraguan government announced late on Wednesday it had named Thaksin a “Nicaraguan ambassador on a special mission” to bring investment to the Central American country and issued him a passport in January.
The announcement came just hours after the Thai government said it had revoked Thaksin’s personal passport, accusing him of stoking the unrest that paralyzed the Thai capital earlier this week.
Ousted in a 2006 coup, Thaksin has been on the run since he fled Thailand ahead of a corruption conviction last year. He has been spotted in Central America, Africa, London, Dubai and Hong Kong, among other places. He recently said that several countries had offered him passports but did not specify them.
Thai Foreign Ministry spokesman Tharit Charungvat said he could not confirm Thaksin’s Nicaraguan passport, but said authorities were trying to “make clear which other passports he is holding.”
He said he was not aware of any extradition treaty between Thailand and Nicaragua.
Thailand had already revoked Thaksin’s diplomatic passport.
A state of emergency in Bangkok remained in place for a fifth day yesterday, but normalcy returned after the rioting earlier this week when Thaksin’s supporters clashed with soldiers and burned empty buses at major intersections.
Two people were killed and 123 injured in the violence.
Police were still searching for dozens of protest leaders, only three of whom were in custody. Bangkok’s Criminal Court was deciding yesterday whether to grant the three bail or extend their detention.
A total of 13 arrest warrants were issued on Tuesday against leaders of the Bangkok unrest, including one for Thaksin, who addressed supporters regularly via video link and at one point called for a “revolution.” The warrants were issued for inciting the public to break the law and causing a public disturbance, which carry prison terms of seven years and two years, respectively.
An additional 35 warrants were issued on Wednesday for protesters allegedly behind two attacks on vehicles carrying Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva and the storming of a weekend summit of ASEAN leaders in the seaside town of Pattaya. The break-in prompted Abhisit to abruptly cancel the summit and evacuate leaders by helicopter.
Bringing the protests to an end and rounding up its leaders may prove to be the easy part, analysts say.
The harder task will be to restore the country’s battered image abroad and heal internal divisions — which largely revolve around Thaksin.
“We are at a critical juncture now,” said Thitinan Pongsidhirak, a political scientist at Bangkok’s Chulalongkorn University. “Will the uprising we’ve seen be taken as a wake-up call by the Abhisit government or be seen as just a nuisance, something suppressed by the government?”