Tue, Feb 06, 2007 - Page 6 News List

Iran attack could be disastrous: report

GRIM WARNING A coalition of groups in the UK said that any military intervention to tackle Tehran's nuclear threat could have grave consequences for the whole Middle East

AP , LONDON

A military attack on Iran could unleash disastrous consequences for the Middle East and the wider world, a coalition of unions, faith groups and think tanks warned in a report released yesterday.

The document, Time to Talk, said a military strike, which many believe is being planned by the US, could further destabilize neighboring Iraq, undermine hopes for Israeli-Palestinian peace and embolden hardliners in Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's government. It said an attack on oil-rich Iran could also drive up fuel prices, harming economies around the world.

"The possible consequences of military action could be so serious that governments have a responsibility to ensure that all diplomatic options have been exhausted," the report said. "At present, this is not the case."

The report was compiled by 17 groups, including the Amicus and GMB trade unions, aid agency Oxfam, the Muslim Council of Britain and the Foreign Policy Centre, a left-leaning think tank. Among the document's backers is Sir Richard Dalton, British ambassador to Iran between 2002 and last year.

Dalton acknowledged the threat posed by Iran's nuclear ambitions, but said "recourse to military action -- other than in legitimate self-defense -- is not only unlikely to work but would be a disaster for Iran, the region and quite possibly the world."

He urged the US to show "firmness, patience and a commitment to diplomacy" in dealing with Iran.

The US and several Western allies believe that Iran is using its nuclear program as a cover to produce atomic weapons -- a charge Iran denies, saying it seeks only to generate electricity. Last week a respected think tank, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, said Iran was likely two to three years from having the capacity to build a nuclear weapon.

Yesterday's report did not reach a conclusion on whether Iran intended to build nuclear weapons, but acknowledged that "many members of the international community are deeply concerned" about Tehran's intentions.

The UN Security Council has imposed sanctions on Tehran, and threatened to impose more if it continues to refuse to roll back its nuclear program.

The US government has refused to rule out military action, and has beefed up the US military presence in the Gulf. US President George W. Bush has used increasingly aggressive rhetoric, accusing Iran of training and arming insurgents in Iraq and vowing a tough response.

The report urged the British government to press for direct negotiations between Iran and the US and for a compromise on the demand that Iran suspend uranium enrichment as a precondition for talks.

The report is one of several high-profile appeals for a diplomatic solution to the crisis. In a letter published in the Sunday Times newspaper, three former high-ranking US military officers urged the US to open talks "without preconditions" with the Iranian government.

Retired Lieutenant General Robert Gard, retired Marine General Joseph Hoar and retired Vice Admiral Jack Shanahan said an attack "would have disastrous consequences for security in the region, coalition forces in Iraq and would further exacerbate regional and global tensions."

The Observer newspaper reported on Sunday that Labour Party lawmaker Nick Brown, a former minister in British Prime Minister Tony Blair's government, would file a House of Commons motion this week calling on Blair to speak out against military action.

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