Fri, Feb 02, 2007 - Page 7 News List

Legislature grants Chavez the power to rule by decree

NY TIMES NEWS SERVICE , LA PAZ

Venezuela's legislature on Wednesday granted President Hugo Chavez the power to rule by decree for 18 months, enhancing his ability to both increase government control over the economy and assert greater personal authority over areas of society he considers crucial to his aspiration to build a socialist state.

The vote, conducted at a plaza in downtown Caracas, was carried out by a legislature in which every member is already a supporter of Chavez. Critics of Chavez said granting him special powers moved Venezuela closer to authoritarianism.

"Heil Hugo," read the headline of an editorial published in the opposition newspaper Tal Cual that compared the measure to powers granted to Adolf Hitler in the 1930s.

Chavez's supporters were equally vehement in speaking of what they saw as a need to give the president even greater power than he already has. National Assembly president Cilia Flores said the measure was "an instrument of the people and for the people."

It will allow Chavez to enact laws without submitting his ideas to the legislature for debate and a vote.

The measure, which has been called a "law of revolutionary laws" in Venezuela, is expected to increase tension between Venezuela and governments elsewhere in the Americas.

Mexican President Felipe Calderon issued a veiled critique of Chavez last week, warning of the dangers of nationalizations and dictatorships in Latin America.

Similarly, US President George W. Bush called attention to Chavez's increased power on Wednesday.

"I am concerned about the undermining of democratic institutions," Bush said in an interview with Fox News, referring to the vote on Wednesday. "And we're working to help prevent that from happening."

Pro-Chavez activists in Venezuela have said the decree power did not differ substantially from an executive order signed by Bush this month that gives the White House greater authority in shaping regulatory policies in the federal bureaucracy. Chavez and other Venezuelan presidents have been granted enhanced authority before. Measures enacted by Chavez during a similar decree period in 2001, including land reform legislation and tax increases on foreign oil companies, led to social unrest in 2002.

"Chavez doesn't want power," said Carlos Alarcon, 60, a social worker for the Caracas city government, which is controlled by an ally of Chavez. "He just wants to help people. He came from below."

But even some supporters of Chavez have questioned why he feels the need to bypass debate over measures that could have far-reaching impact. Legislators specified 11 areas in his enhanced power, including public safety, territorial arrangement, energy and national security.

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