Mon, Dec 29, 2003 - Page 6 News List

US, Canada at odds over origins of mad cow case

REUTERS , WASHINGTON

Cows eat at the dairy farm Sunny Dene Ranch on Saturday in Mabton, Washington. The state has quarantined the farm because a cow that came from the farm has been infected with mad cow disease.

PHOTO: AP

The US Agriculture Department (USDA) said on Saturday the Washington state dairy cow infected with mad cow disease had probably been imported from Canada but Canadian authorities called the statement premature.

Ron DeHaven, the USDA's chief veterinarian, told reporters the animal was likely imported into Idaho from Alberta in August 2001.

"The positive animal likely entered the United States as part of a group of 74 dairy cattle that were imported through the border crossing at Eastport [in Idaho]," DeHaven said.

But in Ottawa, chief Canadian veterinarian Dr. Brian Evans told a news conference: "It would be premature to draw such a conclusion at this time ... As yet, there is no definitive evidence that confirms that the BSE-infected cow originated in Canada."

In May this year, Canadian officials reported a single case of mad cow disease in a black Angus cow in Alberta, but the USDA said it was too early to speculate on whether the two cases were related.

This week's discovery of the first US case of mad cow disease in a Holstein dairy cow has halted most US exports of beef, sent food company stocks tumbling and shaken consumer confidence.

Some two dozen countries including Japan have banned US beef, seriously threatening the US$27 billion US cattle industry.

investigation

DeHaven said the 74 imported cows were sent to a dairy farm in Mattawa, Washington, and the infected cow was later sold to another dairy operation in Mabton, Washington. The USDA is still unsure where the cow was born.

The USDA, which has already quarantined two Washington herds, is investigating where the other 73 dairy cows went.

"We feel confident that we are going to be able to determine the whereabouts of most, if not all, of these animals within the next several days," DeHaven said.

Evans said Canadian and US authorities were cooperating closely to track the origins of the cow, but the US needed to carry out a full scientific probe which could be submitted to international experts for peer review.

"It is imperative that all the evidence be weighed and verified before anyone jumps to any predetermination," he said. "There is still much investigative work to be done."

The US National Cattlemen's Beef Association said its trading partners should allow US beef shipments to resume if the infected cow came from Canada.

The USDA said meat linked to the infected cow was sold in Washington, Oregon, California and Nevada.

"It's too early for us to know how much of it has been sold and ... whether it has in fact been consumed," said Kenneth Petersen of the USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service.

Safeway Inc, Fred Meyer and Albertsons Inc have asked customers to return certain cases of beef patties and other products that originated at Vern's of Moses Lake Meats, which slaughtered the infected cow.

The plant this week recalled more than 4,5005kg of raw ground beef.

Bush administration officials repeated assurances that the beef supply was safe for consumers.

`high risk' material

Scientists believe mad cow disease spreads through the consumption of feed contaminated with diseased brain or spinal column material. The Food and Drug Administration said it had located all "high risk" material from the infected cow.

A USDA spokeswoman said that due to the new findings, the department would take another look at a proposal to reopen the border to young Canadian cattle.

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