Taiwan is to hold an exhibition and a series of conferences to mark the 70th anniversary of the signing of the Cairo Declaration, Academia Historica said yesterday.
President Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九) hopes to mark the event, as it is a high point in the Republic of China’s (ROC) political and diplomatic history, said Nancy Chen (陳立文), chief secretary of the country’s top institute for historical studies.
The declaration was the outcome of the Cairo Conference held in Cairo, Egypt, from Nov. 23 to Nov. 27, 1943, which was attended by then-US president Franklin Roosevelt, then-British prime minister Winston Churchill and then-ROC leader Chiang Kai-shek (蔣介石).
The declaration states that all the territories that Japan had “stolen,” such as Manchuria (Dongbei), Formosa (Taiwan) and the Pescadores (Penghu), should be restored to the ROC, historians said.
Chen said the series of events, set to begin on Saturday, will start with an exhibition on the summit.
A replica of the declaration in English, complete with the hand-written changes made by the three leaders, as well as the Chinese transcript kept by the Academia Historica, are to be displayed, she said.
The original copy is in the Library of the US Congress.
Excerpts of Chiang’s diary entries from Nov. 22 to Nov. 28, 1943, and personal accounts from ROC officials during the period kept at Academia Historica will also be featured, she said.
The excerpts of Chiang’s diaries, currently held at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution in California, are said to reflect his thoughts on Roosevelt and Churchill.
In addition, scenes from the Mena House Hotel in Cairo, where the conference took place, will be replicated, she said.
A part of the exhibition will address subsequent developments during the two years between the declaration and Japan’s handing back Taiwan to the ROC government, Chen added.
Academia Historica and National Chengchi University are to hold a conference on Dec. 1 centering on the Cairo Declaration.
It is to open with personal perspectives on the event from people whose parents or grandparents were in Cairo, including Churchill’s granddaughter Emma Soames, Chen said.
The second session of the conference will discuss the declaration in the context of international law, while the third and final session is to look into Chiang’s plan for post-World War II Asia.