Bolt’s medal pushed Jamaica into third place with four golds.
The US got their only gold on the night from 21-year-old Brianna Rollins, who surged at the end of the 100m hurdles to beat Olympic champion Sally Pearson in 12.44 seconds, edging the Australian by 0.06 seconds.
Earlier in the day, Olympic champion Stephen Kiprotich became the first non-Kenyan since 2005 to win the men’s marathon gold medal at the world championships.
The Ugandan broke away from Boston Marathon winner Lelisa Desisa of Ethiopia in the shaded park around Luzhniki Stadium to win his country’s first men’s world title in the 30-year history of the championships.
“I am so happy I won another gold medal for my country,” Kiprotich said. “Now I am the Olympic and world champion.”
Another Ethiopian, Tadese Tola, took bronze on a warm afternoon in the Russian capital.
Later in the evening, Ethiopian veteran Meseret Defar added the 5,000m world title to her Olympic gold medal, coming out of the slipstream of teammate Almaz Ayana to win with a strong finish.
Defar, the 2007 world champion, finished in 14 minutes, 50.19 seconds, beating silver medalist Mercy Cherono of Kenya by 1.03 seconds.